Louis Dega

Louis Dega (born 1890, Marseilles , France – died 1945, French Guiana ) was a prisoner in the French Guiana Penitentiary of Devil’s Island . He was convicted of fraud and counterfeiting and sentenced to fifteen years’ imprisonment by France, where he became a companion of Henri Charrière (also known as Papillon ) for thirteen years. The two were first sentenced to a prison in Caen , France , until they embarked for South America in 1932. He had a younger brother namedBarranquilla prison in Colombia . Dega and Papillon had previously met before embarking to South America, and made a deal in which Dega paid Butterfly for protection. The two became best friends during their sentence.

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Desiree Clary

Bernardine Eugenie Desiree Clary (8 November 1777 – 17 December 1860), was Queen of Sweden and Norway as the consort of King Charles XIV John , a French General and founder of the House of Bernadotte , mother of Oscar I , and one-time fiancee of Napoleon Bonaparte . She officially changed her name to Desideria , which she did not use herself. [1]

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Great Plague of Marseille

The Great Plague of Marseilles was the last of the significant European outbreaks of bubonic plague . Arriving in Marseille , France in 1720, the disease killed 100,000 people in the city and the surrounding provinces. [1] However, Marseille quickly recovered from the plague outbreak. Economic activity took only a few years to recover, as did West Indies and Latin America. By 1765, the growing population was back at its pre-1720 level.

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History of Marseille

Marseille , France Was Originally founded circa 600 BC as the Greek colony of Massalia and populated by settlers from Phocaea (modern Foca , Turkey ). It est devenu the preeminent Greek polis in the Hellenized area of southern Gaul . The city-state with the Roman Republic against Carthage during the Second Punic War (218-201 BC), retaining its independence and commercial empire throughout the western Mediterranean even as Rome expanded into Western Europe and North Africa. However, the city lost its independence following the Roman Siege of Massilia in 49 BC, during Caesar’s Civil War , in which Massalia sided with the exiled faction at war with Julius Caesar .

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Velodrome Stadium

The Stade Vélodrome ( French pronunciation: [stad velɔdʁom] ) Known for sponsorship Reasons as the Orange Velodrome , is a multi-purpose stadium in Marseille , France . It is home to the Olympique de Marseille football club of Ligue 1 since it opened in 1937, and was a venue in the 1998 FIFA World Cup , the 2007 Rugby World Cup and the UEFA Euro 2016 . It sometimes hosts RC Toulon rugby club of the Top 14. It is the largest club in France, with a capacity of 67,344 spectators. The stadium is also used by the French rugby union team .

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Fernand Cabrol

Fernand Cabrol (11 December 1855 – 4 June 1937) was a French theologian, Benedictine monk and noted writer on the history of Christian worship . [1]

Cabrol was born in Marseille . He became a prior of St. Michael’s Abbey in Farnborough, Hampshire in 1896, and abbot in 1903. He is best known for being a co-founder of the Dictionary of Christian Archeology and Liturgy , together with Henri Leclercq .

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Jean Cabannes

Jean Cabannes (b Marseille August 12, 1885 – St. Cyr-sur-Mer October 31, 1959) was a French physicist specializing in optics .

From 1910 to 1914 Cabannes Worked in the laboratory of Charles Fabry in Marseille on the topic lancé by Lord Rayleigh at the end of the 19th century of how gas molecules diffused light . In 1914 he showed that pure gases could scatter light. Reviews This was published in Comptes Rendus in 1915. (Please see reference.) His career Was Then interrupted for five years by World War I .

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Gaby Deslys

Gaby Deslys (born Marie-Elise-Gabrielle Cairo , November 4, 1881 – February 11, 1920) was a singer and actress of the early 20th century from Marseilles, France.It is an abbreviation of Gabrielle of the Lillies . During the 1910s She was exceedingly popular worldwide, making $ 4,000 a week in the United States alone. During the 1910s she Performed Several times we Broadway , at the Winter Garden Theater , and Performed in a show with a young Al Jolson . Her dancing was so popular that The Gaby Glide was named for her. [1] [2]

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August Alphonse Derbes

August Alphonse Derbes (May 8, 1818, Marseille – January 27, 1894, Marseille) was a French professor of naturalist , zoologist and botanist at the University of Marseilles who studied reproduction of sea ​​urchins and algae . [1]Derbès Was the first scientist to observe the fertilization of an egg in an animal When He detailed the process of forming an envelope around the gamete During sea urchin reproduction process has now Known to be associated with Ca 2+ release. [2] [3]

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Edmond Demolins

Edmond Demolins (1852-1907) was a French pedagogue .

Life and work

Edmond Demolins was born in 1852 in Marseille . He became a disciple of Pierre Guillaume Frederic le Play . He formed a small group of students Paul de Rousiers that puts in the Play ‘s salon every Monday in the 1870s. [1] The Program of Government and Social Organization Based on Comparative Observation of the Various Peoples (1881) was a collective work by members of the group with a preface by Le Play. [2] Demolines edited the bi-monthly Social Reform . [2] In 1885, three years after the death of Le Play, Henri de Tourville and Demolins split from the movement and founded a new journal,Social science . They brought with them a few members of Rousiers and Robert Pinot (1862-1926), future director of the Social Museum and Secretary-General of the Forges Committee . This small group is a true research team. [3]

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Henri Deluy

Henri Deluy (Born April 25, 1931 Marseille is a French poet . [1]

When Deluy was thirteen growing up in Aix-en-Provence he feels some of his poems to the local poet Blaise Cendrars . She answered by correcting some grammatical errors which served to Deluy. Five years later he interrupted his studies and hitchhiked England where he supported himself doing fruit-picking. He then decided to go to Sweden but while traveling through the Netherlands , he met his first wife and then he was in love with a new generation of ultra-modernist poets such as Adriaan Roland Holst . This proved to have a significant impact on his development as a writer.

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Marcel Bleibtreu

Marcel Bleibtreu (August 26, 1918 – December 25, 2001) was a French trotskyist activist and theorist.

Bleibtreu was born during his family’s refuge in Marseille from wartime bombing, Marcel Bleibtreu became a radical thinker as a child. After studies at the Condorcet high school, he studied medicine in Paris, and graduated in 1947. He joined the Bolshevik Leninist Group, the Trotskyist organization, in September 1936. By 1944 the Trotskyist was a member of the Internationalist Communist Party , (PCI), the French section of the Fourth International. Bleibtreu led workplace cells of the PCI around Puteaux-Suresnes-Nanterre under the pen-name Pierre Favre. In November 1944, he became an editor of the party’s newspaper, The Truth. He was named general secretary of the PCI in 1946, and led the party’s growth after its post-war legalization.

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Paul Boulet

Paul Marie Maurice Boulet (September 8, 1893, Marseille – July 27, 1982) was a French Christian Democrat politician.

Paul Boulet was born in Marseille and raised in Beziers and Montpellier . He studied medicine at the University of Montpellier . He served in the French Army during the First World War , initially as a stretcher-bearer and later as a medical officer. He was captured late in the war and held as a prisoner of war in Germany . For his services he was awarded the Croix de Guerre and was appointed Knight of the Legion of Honor in 1920, becoming an officer of the order in 1944.

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Édouard Brasey

Edward Brasey is a French novelist , essayist, scriptwriter and storyteller born on March 25, 1954. Author of more than seventy works, many of which have been translated into English, Russian, Japanese, Spanish, Portuguese and Italian. He specializes in the themes of the esoteric, fables, legends and fantasy. He won a prize of Imaginal in 2006 for The Little Encyclopedia of the Wonderful , and a prize Merlin in 2009 for his novel The Curse of the Ring . Subsequently, he has become essentially a novelist, notably published by Calmann-Lévy . His historical-esoteric thriller that was published in 2013, The Last Pope , anticipated theabdication of Benedict XVI .

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PPF Degrand

Peter Paul Francis Degrand (1787-1855) or PPF Degrand was a French-born broker and merchant in Boston , Massachusetts , in the 19th-century.

Degrand was born in Marseilles , France, and moved to Boston around 1803. [1] He was involved with the Boston Stock Exchange and the railroad; [2] [3] and published the Boston Weekly Report in the 1820s, [4] employing Edgar Allan Poe as a reporter. [5] Degrand lived on Pinckney Street in Beacon Hill . [6] Friends included John Quincy Adams . [7] He died on December 23, 1855 [1] and was buried in Forest Hills Cemetery . [8]Degrand bequeathed $ 120,000 to charity, a large part of the acquisition of French-language scientific texts for Harvard University . [1]

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Federico Umberto D’Amato

Federico Umberto d’Amato (1919 – 1 July 1996 [1] ) was an Italian secret agent, who led the Office of the Ministry of Interior (Italy) from the 1950s until the 1970s, when the activity of the intelligence service was undercover and


D’Amato was born in Marseille , and during World War II worked for the US Office of Strategic Services . After the end of the conflict, the North Atlantic Treaty Special Office, a link between NATO and the United States . [1]

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Sabin Berthelot

Sabin Berthelot (4 April 1794 – 10 November 1880) was a French naturalist and ethnologist . He was resident on the Canary Islands for part of his life, and co-authored The Natural History of the Canary Islands (1835-50) with Philip Barker Webb .

Berthelot was the son of a Marseilles merchant. He joined the French Navy and served as a midshipman during the Napoleonic Wars . After the war he joined the merchant fleet, traveling between Marseilles and the West Indies . He first visited the Canary Islands in 1820, where he taught at a school in Tenerife and managed the botanical gardens at Orotavafor the Marquis of Villanueva del Prato .

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Rostaing Berenguier

Rostanh or Rostaing Berenguier de Marselha was an early fourteenth-century troubadour and Hospitaller from Marseille . He was a friend of the Grand Master Folco del Vilaret . The earliest biographical notice we have about Rostanh is the brief but unreliable biography in Jean de Nostredame . He is one of only three known troubadours to compose estampidas , the others being Raimbaut de Vaqueiras (who composed the first one, Kalenda maia ) and Cerverí de Girona (who composed four). [1] Rostanh composed only one: The dousa pariah. His songs are preserved in the manuscript called “Giraud”, where the first one is a long canso in honor of his Folco boss.

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Erick Benzi

Erick Benzi (born March 1, 1959 in Marseille , France) is a French musician, songwriter, composer and record producer.

He is the former member of group Canada (formed by Jacques Veneruso , Gildas Arzel and Gwenn Arzel ). Benzi is one of the biggest and most requested Francophone producers. Since 1990s, Jean-Jacques Goldman , Celine Dion , Anggun and others. Benzi owns a recording studio in The Moon Boat. He is also the editor of the Erk Music Company .

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Jacques Baumel

Jacques Baumel was a French politician. He was born on March 6, 1918 in Marseille and died on February 17, 2006 in Rueil-Malmaison . He was a French resistance fighter (under the aliases’ Saint-Just ”, ” Berneix ” or ‘Rossini’), deputy in the National Assembly , a Senator , a leading leader of the Gaullist movement , and the Secretary of State and mayor of Rueil-Malmaison .

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Pierre Henri Joseph Baume

Pierre Henri Joseph Baume (1797-1875) was a French socialist , active in England .


Balm was born at Marseille . When he was still young, his father moved to Naples and the boy was placed in a military college there. In his eighteenth year, he became private secretary to King Ferdinand . He left Italy and came to England about 1825, where he associated with the advocates of social change. In 1832, he took out letters of naturalization. He was, in succession, a preacher of the doctrine of ‘reforming optimism, a theatrical manager, the curator and owner of some experimental model gardens’ near Holloway , and a promoter in Manchester of public-houses without intoxicating drinks.

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Jean-François de Bastide

Jean-François de Bastide (July 15, 1724, Marseille – July 4, 1798, Milan aged 73) was an 18th-century French writer and playwright.

The sound of a magistrate from Provence, Bastide was a polygraph : he wrote novels ( Story of a nun by herself , “Universal Library of Novels”, May 1786, 24 pp. In-16), theater plays, critics, and was also a journalist and a compilator. As a journalist, he published The New Spectator (1758-60), The World as It Is (1760-61), Journal de Bruxelles or The Thinker (1766-67), etc. He also directed the “Universal Library of Novels” from 1779 to 1789.

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Dominique Barrière

Dominique Barriere (c.1622-1678) was a French painter and engraver .


Barrier was born at Marseilles in about 1622. He was most likely in Rome, where he had a considerable number of plates, after Claude and other landscape painters, and other subjects. They are neatly etched in the manner of Stefano della Bella . He died in Rome in 1678. He sometimes signed his plate, Dominicus Barriere Massiliensis, and sometimes with the cipher which is the mark used by Domenico del Barbiere , and their mistakes are very different. [1]

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Cesar Baldaccini

Caesar (Born Cesare Baldaccini, January 1, 1921 – December 6, 1998), also referred to as Cesar Baldaccini , was a noted French sculptor .

Caesar was at the forefront of the New Realism movement with his radical compressions (compacted automobiles, discarded metal, gold rubbish), expansions (polyurethane foam sculptures), and fantastic representations of animals and insects.

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Joseph Autran

Joseph Autran (June 20, 1813 – March 6, 1877) was a French poet.


Autran was born in Marseille . In 1832 he addressed an ode to Alphonse de Lamartine , who was then at Marseilles on his way to the East. Lamartine persuaded the young man’s father to allow him to follow his poetic instinct, and Autran became Lamartine’s faithful disciple from then on.

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Laurent d’Arvieux

Laurent d’Arvieux (June 21, 1635 – October 30, 1702) was a French traveler and diplomat born in Marseille . [1]

He was known for his travels in the Middle East , which began in 1654 as a merchant in the Ottoman port of Smyrna . From 1658 traveled across the Levant (Lebanon, Syria and Palestine) and in 1666 visited Tunis . Later he returned to France, and in 1674-75 was assigned as consul to Algiers , then later served as consul to Aleppo from 1679 to 1686.

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Sylvie Andrieux

Sylvie Andrieux (born December 15, 1961 in Marseille ) is a member of the National Assembly of France . She represents the department of Bouches-du-Rhone , and sat initially as a member of Socialist, radical, citizen and various left . [1] She is Implicated in the scandal of misappropriation of the Regional Council of Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur subsidies [2]

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Alonzo (rapper)

Kassim Djae , better known by his stage name Alonzo , is a French rapper and singer of Comorian descent who is signed to Def Jam France.

He started rapping from 2002 onwards and was part of the Marseille -based hip-hop band Psy 4 of the Rime [1] as Segnor Alonzo alongside the band members Don Vincenzo (real name Illiassa Issilame), Soprano (real name Saïd M’Roubaba) and DJ Sya Styles (real name Rachid Aït Baar).

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Marie Allard

Marie Allard (1742-1802) was a French ballerina. She debuted in the Paris Opera in 1761.

Marie Allard was born in 1742 to a poor family in Marseille . At the age of 10, she was offered to a Monsieur V. and the Comédie de Marseille. Her mother died two years later and Marie est devenu a dancer (dancer first) of the Lyon Opera. By the age of 14, she was employed at the Comedie-Française and lived in a small apartment in Paris. Shortly after beginning her studies with balletmaster Gaetan Vestris , she became his lover. In 1760 she gave birth to her, Auguste Vestris . [1]

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Saïd Ahamada

Said Ahamada is a French politician. He was born in Reunion , and he is of Comorian descent. [1] He holds a master’s degree in finance. [1] Since 18 June 2017, he has been member of the National Assembly for the 7th district of Bouches-du-Rhône , which includes part of the 14th arrondissement of Marseille and its 15th and 16th arrondissements. [1]

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Louis Amédée Achard

Louis Amedee Eugene Achard (April 19, 1814 – March 25, 1875) was a prolific French novelist.

Achard was born in Marseille . After Algiers , he went to Toulouse , and then to Marseille , where he became a journalist and wrote for the Semaphore. He moved to Paris, where he wrote for the Green-Green , the Entracte , the Charivari , and the Epoch . Achard wrote extensively for the Epoch , even writing for his colleagues when they lacked inspiration. He then collaborated in the satirical journal The PamphletFiorentino, who he had defamed. While still convalescent, he left for Italy with the French Army to cover the war for the Journal des Débats .

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Marseille Metro

The Marseille Metro ( French : Métro de Marseille ) is a subway / rapid transit system serving the city of Marseille , in southern France . The Marseille Metro opened in 1977. As of 2013, the system included two lines, partly underground, serving 28 stations, with an overall route of 21.5 kilometers (13.4 mi). [1] The first line (Line 1) opened on November 26 1977. After the opening of a second line and multiple extensions, the metro currently serves 28 stations, two of which (Saint-Charles) and (Castallane) provide interchange with another line.

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Museum of European and Mediterranean Civilizations

The Museum of European and Mediterranean Civilizations (MuCEM) (French: Museum of Civilizations of Europe and the Mediterranean ) is a national museum Located in Marseille , France. It was inaugurated on 7 June 2013 as part of Marseille-Provence 2013 , a year when Marseille was designated as the European Capital of Culture . [1]

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Marseille History Museum

The Marseille History Museum ( Musee d’Histoire de Marseille ) is the local historical and archaeological museum of Marseille in France . It was opened in 1983, the first historic city museum in France, to display the major archaeological findings discovered when the site was excavated in 1967 for commercial redevelopment and the construction of the Center’s stock exchange shopping center. The museum building, which is opened from within the center, opens onto the “garden of the remains”, a garden containing the stabilized archaeological remains of classical ramparts, port buildings, a necropolis and so on.

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Marseille Cathedral

Marseille Cathedral ( French : Cathedral Sainte-Marie-Major of Marseille or Cathedral of the Major ) is a Roman Catholic cathedral, and a national monument of France , located in Marseille . It has been a basilica minor since 1896. It is the seat of the Archdiocese of Marseille (formerly the Diocese of Marseilles until its elevation in 1948).

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If Castle

The Chateau d’If is a fortress (later a prison) Located on the island of Yew, The Smallest island in the Friuli archipelago Situated in the Mediterranean Sea about 1.5 km ( 7 / 8 mile) offshore in the Bay of Marseille in southeastern France . It is famous for being one of the settings of Alexander Dumas’ adventure novel The Count of Monte Cristo . If is the French word for the yewtree.

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Fort Saint-Jean (Marseille)

Fort Saint-Jean is a fortification in Marseille , built in 1660 by Louis XIV at the entrance to the Old Port . Since 2013 it is linked by two thin bridges to the historical district The Basket , and to the Museum of European and Mediterranean Civilizations , the first French national museum to be located outside Paris.

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The Marseillaise World Cup

The Marseillaise World Cup has been an international tournament of pétanque . It is held every year in July in Marseille , the biggest city in the south of France . The central location of the event is in Borély Park , but it also extends to many other parks and boulodromes in and around the city. In 2016, the 55th World attracted around 15,000 participants and 150,000 spectators. [1]

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Marseille-Cassis International Classic

The Marseille-Cassis International Classic is an annual half marathon which follows a race from Marseille to Cassis in France during the last weekend in October. It has the silver label of the IAAF Race Label Race Events and is thus among the most successful half marathon breeds in the world. First organized by the SCO Sainte-Marguerite sports club in 1979, the event has grown to a large international competition, with around 12,000 runners competing every year. [1]The course distance of 20.308 meters slightly short of the true half marathon distance (21.097.5 m). Since 2012, the race has been shortened by 308 meters so the total distance of the race has become exactly 20 kilometers. [2] Still, the race is made more difficult by a long 327 m climb up hill-the Col de la Gineste -at the midpoint of the race, which eventually follows back to the port of Cassis. [3] The annual race is usually held in the month of October.

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Marseille Provence XV

Marseille Provence XV is a defunct French rugby union club, founded in 2000. The team played at the Stade Roger Couderc in Marseille , France .

The club debuted in Federal 3 (third amateur division) in the 2000-01 season. They were promoted after the 2001-02 season to Federal 2, and went up again in 2003 to Federal 1, though they went back to Federal 2 for two seasons, they were promoted to Federal 1 for the 2006-07 season.

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Louis Vuitton Acts

The Louis Vuitton Acts were a series of International America’s Cup Class regattas leading up to the 2007 Louis Vuitton Cup and the 2007 America’s Cup . Thirteen regattas or acts were held in total. These contestants involved all the challengers plus the holder of the America’s Cup , Alinghi , and the winners to earn bonus points that went to the Louis Vuitton Cup . The 2004-2007 period was the first time this format had been used in America’s Cup racing.

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Robert Louis-Dreyfus Training Center

The Robert Louis-Dreyfus Training Center , commonly referred to, simply, as The Commandery , is the training ground and Academy base of French football club, Olympique Marseille . Located in Marseille , the center was officially opened in July 1991. [1] Called La Commanderie , the training ground was renamed in 2009 after the death of the owner of the club, Robert Louis-Dreyfus .

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World Water Council

The World Water Council is an international think tank founded in 1996, with its headquarters in Marseille , France . It has 341 members (March 2017) which include organizations from the United Nations and the intergovernmental organizations , the private sector (construction, engineering and manufacturing companies), governments and ministries , academic institutions, international organizations , local governments , and civil society groups. Founders and members of the World Water Council include the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, theInternational Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the International Water Association (IWA), AquaFed (International Federation of Private Water Operators), Suez Lyonnaise des Eaux , UNDP and UNESCO , and the World Bank . [1]

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Marseille Naval Fire Battalion

The Marseille Naval Fire Battalion ( French : marine brigade Battalion of Marseille , gold BMPM ), is the fire and rescue department for the city of Marseille .

The battalion is a branch of the French Navy ( French : French Navy ), and fully staff Consists of military, like the Paris Fire Brigade (a branch of the French Army ), and PGHM(a branch of the French Gendarmerie ).

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Research Institute for Development

The French Research Institute for Development ( French : Institute of Research for Development , IRD ) is a French science and technology establishment under the supervision seal of the French Ministries of Higher Education and Research and Foreign Affairs . It operates from its headquarters in Marseille , and two metropolitan centers of Montpellier and Bondy.

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Center for Research and Documentation on Oceania

The Center for Research and Documentation on Oceania , also known as CREDO ( Center for Research and Documentation on Oceania ) is a cross-disciplinary research laboratory in social and cultural anthropology, history and archeology, researchers and lecturers from three institutions CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research), EHESS (School for Advanced Studies in Social Sciences) and the University of Provence . Its main focus of research and teaching are the past and contemporary societies of the Pacific, Australia included.

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Immunology Center of Marseille-Luminy

The Center for Immunology of Marseille-Luminy (CIML) was founded in 1976 and has been described by AERES , an independent evaluation agency, as “without doubt one of the best immunology centers of excellence in Europe”. The CIML addresses all areas of contemporary immunology; it is located in Marseille in the South of France. [2]

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OM TV is a subscription-based channel, entirely dedicated to the French football team Olympique de Marseille . The channel offers Marseille exclusive fans interviews with players and staff, full matches, including replays of all Ligue 1, Coupe de France, League Cup, Champions League / UEFA Cup and friendly games, in addition to vintage matches, footballing news and other themed programming.

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The Petit Provençal

The Little Provençal ( The Little Provincial ) was a French provincial daily newspaper founded in Marseille in 1880. It took a Left Republican position, although it was never an official socialist organ. In the years before World War I (1914-18) many prominent politicians contributed to the paper. The paper opposed the pact between Germany and Russia just beforeWorld War II (1939-45), and after the fall of France versus the Vichy regime. However, it managed to continue publication until 1944.

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The Journal (Paris)

The Journal (The Journal) Was a Paris daily newspaper published from 1892 to 1944 in a small, four-page format.

It was founded and edited by Fernand Arthur Pierre Xau until 1899. It was bought and managed by Henri Letellier in 1899 and became “the most Parisian, the most literary, and the most boulevardier of the newspapers of Paris” (Simon Arbellot , see Curnonsky ).

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Hot Jazz

Hot Jazz is a French quarterly jazz magazine published in Marseille . It was founded in March 1935 in Paris .

Early years

Jazz Hot is acclaimed for having innovated scholarly jazz criticism before and after World War II – jazz criticism that was also distinguished with literary merit, and in some articles before 1968, with leftist political views. Several of its early contributors are credited for helping to intellectualize jazz journalism and to draw attention to it from fine arts institutions and institutions. [1] [i] Jazz Hot has played an integral role integrating jazz into a French national identity. [2]

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France 3 Provence-Alpes

France 3 Provence-Alpes is a regional television service, part of the France 3 network. It serves the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region from its headquarters in Marseilles and secondary production center in Antibes , along with newsrooms in Toulon and Nice . France 3 Provence-Alpes produces regional news, sports, features and entertainment programming.

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UEFA Euro 2016 riots

The UEFA Euro 2016 football championships in France saw several recorded instances of football hooliganism and related violence between fans, both at the venues where matches took place, and in cities at participating stadiums. The violence started immediately before the tournament, and involved clashes between several countries. Some of the rioting came from established gangs and football hooligan organizations, which deliberately intended to provoke violence. They clashed with riot police who controlled the crowds using tear gas and a water cannon .

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Round up of Marseille

The Round up of Marseille (22-24 January 1943) took place in the Old Port of Marseille under the Vichy regime during the German occupation of France . Assisted by the French police , directed by René Bousquet , the Germans organized to raid to arrest Jewish people. The police checked the identity documents of 40,000 people, and the operation sent 2,000 Marseillese people first to Frejus , then to the camp of Royallieu near Compiegne , in the Northern Zone of France, and then to Drancy internment camp , last stop beforeextermination camps . The operation also encompasses the expulsion of an entire neighborhood (30,000 persons) before its destruction. Located in the Old Port, the 1st district was considered by the Germans to be a “terrorist nest” because of its small, windy and curvy streets. [1] For this occasion, SS leader Carl Oberg , in charge of the German Police in France , made the trip from Paris, and transmitted to Bousquet orders directly from Himmler . It is a notable case of the French police’s collaboration with the German occupiers.

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Rodeo (riot)

The rodeo Was a technical of rioting qui est devenu popular in France Beginning in 1981 Often associated with youth of North African descent, and the Lyon suburb of Minguettes. These riots belong to stealing cars, driving them in tight circles, and ultimately burning them. [1] Some reports indicate that they are stolen from more prosperous areas, and taken to depressed neighborhoods to be burned in police raids. [2]

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Ratonneau is one of the islands of Friuli archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea , off the southern coast of France near Marseille . It is relatively long and thin, approximately 2.5 km long but at most 500 m wide and generally much narrower. It was connected to the near island of Pomègues , which runs roughly parallel, by a mole constructed in 1822 to create a port area.

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Urban Community of Marseille Provence Metropolis

The Urban Community of Marseille Provence Metropole ( English : Urban Community Marseille Provence Metropole ) is a former intercommunal structure gathering the city of Marseille (in Provence , Southern France ) and some of its suburbs. On January 1, 2016 it is merged into the Metropolis of Aix-Marseille-Provence .

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EM Heckel Botanical Garden

The botanical garden EM Heckel (12,000 m²), also known as the Botanical Garden of Marseille and the Borély Botanical Garden of Marseille , is a municipal botanical gardenlocated in the Borély Park at 48, Avenue Clot Bey, Marseille , Bouches-du-Rhône , Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur , France . It is open daily except Monday; admission fee is charged.

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calanque ( French: [kalɑk] , “inlet”; Corsican : calanca , calanche , Occitan : calanca , calancas pl ) is a narrow, steep-walled inlet that is developed in limestone , dolomite , or other carbonate strata and found along the Mediterranean coast. A calanque is a steep-sided valley formed within karstic regions or by fluvial erosion or the collapse of the roof of a cellar that has been further partially submerged by a rise in sea ​​level . [1] [2][3]

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Aix-Marseille-Provence Metropolis

The Aix-Marseille-Provence Metropolis ( French : city of Aix-Marseille-Provence ) is the metropolis , an intermunicipal structure, centered on the cities of Marseille and Aix-en-Provence . It is located in the Bouches-du-Rhone , Var and Vaucluse departments , in the Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur region , southeastern France . It was created in January 2016, replacing the previous Urban Community Marseille Provence Métropole and fivecommunities of agglomeration . [1] Its population was 1,886,842 in 2014, of which 866,644 in Marseille proper and 145,763 in Aix-en-Provence. [2]

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International Center for Mathematical Encounters

The International Center for Mathematical Encounters (CIRM) is a mathematics research institute associated with the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) and the Société Mathématique de France (SMF). It is located in Luminy, Marseille, France and is affiliated with Aix-Marseille University . CIRM hosts weekly workshops on various topics where mathematicians and scientists from all over the world come to do collaborative research. Modeled as a ” Villa Medici of Mathematics”, it receives around 3,500 visitors per year. [1]

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Euroméditerranée is an urban renewal project underway in Marseille to create a business district in the district of La Joliette .

The project was launched in 1995 with the initiative of Robert Vigouroux , Mayor of Marseille, and the State. The agreement for the establishment of a public agency of development was signed in 1994, [1] working on an area of ​​310 hectares. Since 2007, “Euroméditerranée Act 2” extended the scope to 170 more hectares. [2] This project is funded by the European Union, the State, the Regional Council, the Departemental Council, the urban community and the City of Marseille.

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Marseille-Provence 2013

Marseille-Provence 2013 or MP2013 [1] was the year-long series of cultural events that took place in Marseille , France and the surrounding area to celebrate the territory’s designation as the European Capital of Culture for 2013. In total, there were more than 900 different cultural events that attracted more 11 million visits. [2] Marseille-Provence 2013 was an operating budget of approximately 100 million euros and more than 600 million euros in new cultural infrastructure was unveiled in 2013 [3] including the MuCEM designed by Rudy Ricciotti and the Mediterranean Sea conference center designed by Stefano Boeri. MP2013 was a key part of a larger, decades-long, multibillion-dollar development effort to revitalize the city. [4]

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Marseille soap

Marseille soap or Savon de Marseille is a traditional hard soap made from vegetable oils That has-been Produced around Marseille , France , for about 600 years. The first documented soapmaker Was Recorded there in about 1370. By 1688, Louis XIV Introduced regulations in the Edict of Colbert limiting the use of the name soap to olive oil based soaps. [1] The law has been made to be used.

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Marseille Festival of Documentary Film

Marseille International Film Festival (in French the International Film Festival of Marseille of FIDMarseille ) is a documentary Film Festival Held yearly since 1989 in Marseille , France . The festival awards grand prizes in international and national categories. [1] The 2009 competition featured 20 documentaries in the international category and 14 in the French category. [2]

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The wasteland

La Friche de la Belle de Mai or The Friche – in English The Fallow or The Wasteland – is a tobacco factory near the Saint-Charles station in Marseille , in the neighborhood of Belle de Mai . In 1992, it was converted into a cultural complex. Presenting itself as a “pole of authors,” the Wasteland focuses its efforts primarily on the creation and production of works. It hosts dozens of international artists in residence [1]and it contains over sixty artistic and cultural structures of all disciplines (theater, dance, music, contemporary art, radio). It is also a place of show and broadcasting, it contains 2 concert rooms (The random cabaret, 900 places, and the cardboard, 1,200 places), it hosted several times the electronic and urban music festival Marsatac . La Friche includes a restaurant, a nursery, a playground for children, a library, a local food market, a skate shop, a skate park, family and community gardens and two new theaters. The Mediterranean Institute of Show Crafts will open in 2014.

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Archaos (Circus Archaos) is a French contemporary circus [1] created by Pierrot Bidon in 1986. It began as an alternative, theatrical circus without animals, featuring dangerous stunts like chainsaw juggling, fire breathing , wall of death , etc. The company is considered a pioneer of the contemporary circus. Today, Archaos is based in Marseille , France and is a designated National Center for Circus Arts. Archaos is also the organizer of the International Biennale of Circus Arts , the world’s largest contemporary circus festival.

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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Marseille

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Marseille ( Latin : Archidioecesis Massiliensis ; French : Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Marseille ) is a Metropolitan Archdiocese of the Latin Riteof the Roman Catholic Church in France . [1] [2] The Archepiscopal see in the city of Marseille , and the diocese included the district of Marseille , a subdivision of the department of Bouches-du-Rhone in the Region of Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur .

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Aix-Marseille University

Aix-Marseille University ( AMU ; French : Aix-Marseille University ; Formally incorporated as Aix-Marseille University ) [5] is a public research university Located in Provence , southern France . It was founded in 1409 when Louis II of Anjou , Count of Provence , petitioned the Pisan Antipope Alexander V to create the University of Provence . [6] The university as it is today was formed by the merger of the University of Provence, theUniversity of the Mediterranean and Paul Cezanne University . [7] [8] [9] The merger became effective on January 1, 2012, resulting in the creation of the largest university in the French-speaking world , with about 70,000 students. [10] [11] AMU has the largest budget of any academic institution in the Francophone world , standing at € 750 million. [12]

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Harbor terraces

The Terrasses du Port is a commercial shopping center located in the 2nd arrondissement of Marseille . [1] The retail format contains 190 shops, including both domestic and international brands. The mall, which opens in the spring of 2014 also has a balcony of 2,600 square meters, offering a view of the harbor, La Joliette , hence the building’s name, which translates to “The Port Terraces”. [2]

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University of Provence

The University of Provence Aix-Marseille I was a public university mostly located in Aix-en-Provence and Marseille . It was one of the three Universities of Aix-Marseille and was part of the Academy of Aix and Marseille . On January 1, 2012 University of the Mediterranean and Paul Cézanne University to become Aix-Marseille University , the youngest, but also the largest in terms of students, budgets and staff in France.

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Porte Royale

Porte d’Aix (also known as the Porte Royale ) is a triumphal arch in Marseille , in the south of France , marking the old entry point to the city on the road from Aix-en-Provence . [1] The classical design by Michel-Robert Penchaud was inspired by the triumphal arches of the Roman Empire . The Porte d’Aix was originally conceived in 1784 to honor Louis XIV and to commemorate the Peace of Paris (1783) that ended the American war of independence . Following the restoration of the Bourbon monarchyin 1814-15, the project was resumed in 1823, now to commemorate French victories in the Spanish Expedition , notably at the Battle of Trocadero , August 31, 1823. It was eventually completed in 1839, with a more general theme of victory. [2]

Place Jean-Jaurès

The Place Jean-Jaures , aka The Plain , is a historic square in Marseille , Bouches-du-Rhone , Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur , France. As early as the 13th century, it was a camping ground for Christian Crusaders on their way to the Holy Land . It later became a meeting place to welcome dignitaries and members of the French royal family. It is now home to a farmers’ market . It is named after politician Jean Jaurès

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Lighthouse of Sainte Marie

The Lighthouse of Sainte Marie is an inactive lighthouse built to mark the harbor of Marseille , France. Completed in 1855, it is made of natural-finished limestone and stands 70 feet high. It is located on the north side of the Passe de la Joliette. This is at the southern entrance to the series of basins that form the harbor. It was upgraded to electrical illumination in 1922 but is now inactive. [2]

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Longchamp Palace

The Palais Longchamp is a monument in the 4th arrondissement of Marseille , France . It houses the city’s Museum of Fine Arts and Natural History Museum . The surrounding park (The Longchamp Park ) is listed by the French Ministry of Culture as one of the Notable Gardens of France .

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Marseille Provence Airport

Marseille Provence Airport or Marseille Provence Airport ( IATA : MRS , ICAO : LFML ) is an international airport Located 27 km (17 miles) northwest of Marseille , [2] on the territory of Marignane , both, towns of the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region of France. The airport’s hinterland goes from Gap to Arles and from Toulon to Avignon .

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The Old Charity

The old charity is a form almshouse , now functioning as a museum and cultural center, Situated in the heart of the old quarter of Shopping Marseille in the south of France . Constructed between 1671 and 1749 in the Baroque style to the designs of the architect Pierre Puget , it includes four ranges of arcaded galleries in three storeys surrounding a space with a central chapel surmounted by an ovoid dome.

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If Castle

The Chateau d’If is a fortress (later a prison) Located on the island of Yew, The Smallest island in the Friuli archipelago Situated in the Mediterranean Sea about 1.5 km ( 7 / 8 mile) offshore in the Bay of Marseille in southeastern France . It is famous for being one of the settings of Alexander Dumas’ adventure novel The Count of Monte Cristo . If is the French word for the yew tree.

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Marseille-Saint-Charles Station

Marseille – Saint-Charles is the main railway station and intercity bus station of Marseille . It is the southern terminus of the Paris-Marseille railway . It opened on January 8, 1848, having been built for the PLM on the land of the Saint Charles Cemetery. The station is perched on a small hill and is linked to the city by a monumental set of stairs. Since 2001, [1]When the TGV Reduced Dramatically the travel time between Marseille and northern France, Increased traffic (7.1 million annual passengers in 2000 to 15 million in 2007) and the station is the 11th busiest Currently in France.

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French International Training Center for DC

French International Training Center for DC [1] (CEFEB) English : Center for Financial, Economic and Banking Studies is the center of the French Development Agency organization (located in Marseilles ) which works under the aegis of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperations . Its main aim is to finance the developments made under bilateral agreements.

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Fort Saint-Jean (Marseille)

Fort Saint-Jean is a fortification in Marseille , built in 1660 by Louis XIV at the entrance to the Old Port . Since 2013 it is linked by two thin bridges to the historical district The Basket , and to the Museum of European and Mediterranean Civilizations , the first French national museum to be located outside Paris.

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Robert Louis-Dreyfus Training Center

The Robert Louis-Dreyfus Training Center , commonly referred to, simply, as The Commandery , is the training ground and Academy base of French football club, Olympique Marseille . Located in Marseille , the center was officially opened in July 1991. [1] Called La Commanderie , the training ground was renamed in 2009 after the death of the owner of the club, Robert Louis-Dreyfus .

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Marseille CanalMarseille Canal

The Marseille Canal [1] is a major source of drinking water for the city of Marseille , the largest city in Provence , France . The canal’s length is 80 kilometers (50 mi) – though there is an additional 160 kilometers (99 mi) of less arteries – and it services the entire district of Marseille. It took fifteen years of construction under the direction of the engineer Franz Mayor of Montricher , and was opened on July 8, 1849. [2]It represents a significant achievement in nineteenth century engineering, combining bridges, tunnels, and reservoirs to create a channel over mountainous terrain. Until 1970, it was almost the sole source of water for the city of drinking water .

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Roux family (marine painters)

The Roux Family of Marseilles was a family of hydrographers and marine painters who specialized in ship portraits . While many generations have been involved in the field of hydrographic business, it has become a reality in the field of painting and painting. [1] The painters in the family were Joseph, Ange-Joseph Antoine , Mathieu-Antoine, Ursule-Josephine, Francois Joseph Frederic and Francois Geoffroi.

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Kulte is a clothing label from Marseille . It was created in 1998 [1] and in 2013 it owns more than 10 shops in France (opened in 2011). [2] The brand collaborated with several artists ( MGMT , Naïve New Beaters ) and music related organizations (including the music festivals, Marsatac and Transmusicales , and record labels , Because Music and Kitsuné ).

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Marseille ( / m ɑːr s eɪ / ; French: [maʁsɛj] ( listen )  , locally [mɑχsɛjə] ; Provençal Marselha [maʀsejɔ, maʀsijɔ] ), Also Known in English as Marseilles , is a city in France . The capital of the Bouches-du-Rhône department and Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur Region , Marseille is France’s south coast, is the country’s second Largest city , after- Paris, with a population of 852,516 in 2012, [1] and an area of ​​241 km 2 (93 sq mi), the 3rd-largest metropolitan area in France after Paris and Lyon . [3]

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