The UEFA Euro 2016 football championships in France saw several recorded instances of football hooliganism and related violence between fans, both at the venues where matches took place, and in cities at participating stadiums. The violence started immediately before the tournament, and involved clashes between several countries. Some of the rioting came from established gangs and football hooligan organizations, which deliberately intended to provoke violence. They clashed with riot police who controlled the crowds using tear gas and a water cannon .
Both the organizers and government officials in several countries condemned all violence, and recommended various sanctions up to and including removal from the tournament and a ban on alcohol . Polit. Polit polit polit polit polit polit polit………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
On June 10, English fans at Marseille clashed with police, Who used tear gas to break up the crowd. One fan and one local man were arrested.  Fans later complained that the police were unnecessarily confrontational, and provoked further problems.  Six English fans were late arrested and thrown at the police or other fans.  One English fan was hospitalized, while dozens of other fans were injured in the clashes.   England striker Jamie Vardy’s wife Rebekah was hit by tear gas during the disruption. The first two England fans were tried for three-month prison sentence and a two-year ban from France. 
The next day, English and Russian fans clashed before That Evening’s game entre les two teams. The police again used tear gas and water cannon to control crowds. Immediately after the match, which ended in a 1-1 draw, around 150 Russian fans at the Stade Vélodrome close to England fans in a neighboring terrace. Russian fans set off flares and climbed over fencing to attack the opposing supporters.  Two Russian fans Were aussi arrêté over a pitch invasion During the game.  Two England fans were left in comas after being attacked with hammers and iron bars by Russian hooligans.  Fans of Russian hooligans attacking English fans with meat and metal bars. The chief prosecutor in Marseille called the “hyper-rapid and hyper-violent” group. 
A week later at the Stade Vélodrome, before the match between Iceland and Hungary , Hungarian fans clashed with stewards. A report in The Guardian said a few supporters tried to climb a fence and a flare was thrown, but otherwise the match was peaceful. 
Fan response to the atmosphere at Euro 2016 
German and Ukrainian fans clashed in Lille before their group stage game on June 12, with further violence and street battles.  UEFA later said they had “serious concerns” over security in the city.  An additional 4,000 police were drafted, in preparation for matches featuring Russia and England (the latter in nearby Lens ). 
Russian and English fans clashed again on 15 June, requiring the police to fight against Russia in the Stade Pierre-Mauroy . French riot police used to tear up a lot of fans, as flares were set off.  Fans were herded by the police, and the atmosphere calmed.  A minor scuffle between English and Russian fans broke out in the city center around midnight.  At least 36 people were arrested following the brawling between England and Russia fans; a total of 16 people were hospitalized. 
On 12 June, violence broke out between French hooligans and Northern Irish supporters, who had been drinking with their Polish counterparts in Nice , ahead of a match of Northern Ireland against Poland . News reports later showed the attack by the local French hooligans. Six Northern Irish and a Polish supporter were injured, one of them seriously.  
Several Spanish fans, wearing neo-Nazi insignia, were arrested for robbery with violence before the Spain – Turkey group match at the Allianz Riviera on June 17. 
Before the Croatia vs Turkey on June 12, members of Kop of Boulogne ( PSG group) attacked groups of Turkish fans.    During the match itself at Princes’ Park , KoB fans were seen holding banners “Turkish fans are not welcome”. 
In the hours before the July 10 final between Portugal and France at the Stade de France in Saint-Denis , there were clashes between fans trying to access the Eiffel Tower fan zone and police who were attempting to prevent overcrowding.  Police carried out a controlled explosion on a package outside the stadium complex, while fans set litter bins alight. The breakout was under control by the second half of the match, but after Portugal beat France 1-0, fights broke out between fans outside the stadium. Eiffel tower or the Champs Elysees as the area was not safe. 
On the evening of 16 June, Russian hooligans attacked three German tourists in the German city of Cologne . The attack was apparently sparked when the Spaniards, two men and one woman, put stickers with anti-fascist slogans on a lamppost. According to the police, the group of Russians were members of a right-wing group. In their possession of the Euro Games of the Russian Team Against England and Slovakia as disguises such as masks. Six attackers were detained, five of them immediately after the attack and one at the airport. 
Croatian coach Ante Čačić’s reaction to the incident. 
During the match between the Czech Republic and Croatia on 17 June in Saint-Etienne , Croatian hooligans threw flares onto the Stade Geoffroy-Guichard pitch, causing referee Mark Clattenburg to halt the match just before its end, and fans fought among themselves.   A stranger was struck by a firecracker after a Croatian fan threw it onto the field and striker Ivan Perišić was made by a flare. A total of eight flares, as well as other objects, were thrown into the field. The team has been sucessfully tried to calm the crowd and Clattenburg is moving into the field of injury. 
The Croatian Helsinki Committee is one of the most influential players in the game, with 300 members of Torcida Split ( ultra supporters of HNK Hajduk Split )  were entering the city. One group was stopped by police at the Croatian border after masks and drugs were discovered.  Croatian news sources reported that before the start of the match, the Torcida has broadcast images via social media of the stadium and the planned disruption along the groups Bad Blue Boys , Armada Rijeka and Ultrasi .  The groups wanted to revolt against the Croatian Football Federation (HNS) and publicly embarrass the country.    
HNS President Davor Šuker confirmed the reports of riots.  The HNS commissioners for safety declared that they would collaborate with the Croatian and French police, providing information that would occur in the 85th minute of the game. As a result, English police entered the stadium two minutes earlier. It was reported that the incident was planned by extreme ultras Torcida Split, which has good relations with St. Stephen’s fans . 
During the match between Albania and Romania at the Olympique Lyonnais in Lyon on June 19, crowd trouble was attributed to fans of both countries. Supporters let off smoke bombs, hurled objects and invaded the pitch. According to French prosecutors, one of the Albanian men has a flare inside his rectum to smuggle it into the stadium. 
Both the English and Russian national teams have been threatened with disqualification by the UEFA football club.   On 14 June, the Russian team was given a disqualification and the country’s national federation was fined € 150,000 with a strict warning that the team would be removed from the tournament if any further violence occurred. Fifty Russian fans have been deported.  The sentence could only relate to the events, which is all UEFA is responsible for.  England were also warned about disqualification, but were not formally charged. 
Croatia and Turkey were listed for stadium disorders, after their group stage match with Czech Republic and Spain respectively.  The Hungarian , Belgian and Portuguese football federations were also featured on 19 June for fans disturbances during matches against Iceland, Republic of Ireland and Austria.  Albania and Romania were seconded by UEFA after their match,  to bring the total number of countries to the next stage of the competition.  Croatia and Hungary were fined € 100,000 and € 65,000 respectively. 
French Minister of the Interior , Bernard Cazeneuve , asked all the participants about the tournament and the day before them. He also recommended selling containers that could be used as missiles.  There Were later complaints since the ban That Did not cover off-license sale of drinks, It was de facto unenforceable. 
The French police identified a gang of 150 well-trained Russian football hooligans violence and disorder.   On June 18, it was announced that the far-right leader of the Russian football supporters’ association ( ru )Alexander Shprygin, who had arrived with Russia’s official delegation,  was to be deported from France together with 19 fellow fans.  After being sent back to Russia, he was re-arrested in Toulouse at Russia’s match against Wales.  
Russian coach Leonid Slutsky did not challenge the disqualification or fine, saying he was confident that no further violence would occur.  Igor Lebedev , MP from the far-right Liberal Democratic Party of Russia , is reported to have said: “I do not see anything terrible about fans fighting … Keep it up!”, Laying blame at the lack of organization and policing instead of the fans.   Vladimir Markin, spokesman for the Investigative Committee of Russia , said, “The Europeans are surprised when they see a real man looking like a man should”.  Russian President Vladimir PutinRussian officials appearing to support it. 
At the official press conference on 14 June, Russian striker Artem Dzyuba argued that the degree of blame in Marseille had been “50:50”, accusing the British media of “like the British supporters are like angels and behaving themselves”. Dzyuba replied: “French authorities that gave you your information. I do not say [someone] is wrong and [someone] is not wrong “.  Slutsky also mentioned “all the gestures we had when we were on our way to the stadium from all these English fans”. 
In response to the sanctions raised against Russia, the French ambassador was summoned to the Russian foreign ministry to answer questions about the treatment of Russian supporters. Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrovstrongly criticized the police over the deportation orders, especially an incident where fans were ordered to leave a bus for identity checks. He believed such an action violated the rules of the Vienna Convention . 
The British Shadow Home Secretary , Andy Burnham , condemned the violence, claiming most had been “let down by a minority”.  In a press conference Before Their match contre Wales, England manager Roy Hodgson and captain Wayne Rooney made a request to fans to “stay out of trouble”, reiterating the Football Association ‘s official stance. 
Croatian President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović asked for a session after the match between Croatia and the Czech Republic to discuss fan trouble. The Croatian Football Federation is apologized for the behavior of their fans in the stadium.  After reporting that some hooligans who participated in the disruption were from Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina , the Croatian daily newspaper Slobodna Dalmacija speculated on which authority they had acted. 
Seven Russian media outlets, Including RIA Novosti , quoted statements by fake Twitter journalists as evidence of English fans “provoking” Russian fans.  Swiss journalist Jürg Vollmer ( de ) believes that the accounts are run by a Russian troll factory . 
A BBC report described some of the Russian fans involved in violence as emulating English football hooliganism of the 1970s and 1980s. It claimed they considered themselves athletes, and they were the same.  According to CBC News , they were “almost embraced by the state”.  An article published by The Daily Telegraph describes their actions as “state-endorsed hooliganism” and said that they report on Russian state television “bordered on the triumphant”. 
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