Louis Dega (born 1890, Marseilles , France – died 1945, French Guiana ) was a prisoner in the French Guiana Penitentiary of Devil’s Island . He was convicted of fraud and counterfeiting and sentenced to fifteen years’ imprisonment by France, where he became a companion of Henri Charrière (also known as Papillon ) for thirteen years. The two were first sentenced to a prison in Caen , France , until they embarked for South America in 1932. He had a younger brother namedBarranquilla prison in Colombia . Dega and Papillon had previously met before embarking to South America, and made a deal in which Dega paid Butterfly for protection. The two became best friends during their sentence.
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Marseille , France.
Bernardine Eugenie Desiree Clary (8 November 1777 – 17 December 1860), was Queen of Sweden and Norway as the consort of King Charles XIV John , a French General and founder of the House of Bernadotte , mother of Oscar I , and one-time fiancee of Napoleon Bonaparte . She officially changed her name to Desideria , which she did not use herself. 
The Great Plague of Marseilles was the last of the significant European outbreaks of bubonic plague . Arriving in Marseille , France in 1720, the disease killed 100,000 people in the city and the surrounding provinces.  However, Marseille quickly recovered from the plague outbreak. Economic activity took only a few years to recover, as did West Indies and Latin America. By 1765, the growing population was back at its pre-1720 level.
Marseille , France Was Originally founded circa 600 BC as the Greek colony of Massalia and populated by settlers from Phocaea (modern Foca , Turkey ). It est devenu the preeminent Greek polis in the Hellenized area of southern Gaul . The city-state with the Roman Republic against Carthage during the Second Punic War (218-201 BC), retaining its independence and commercial empire throughout the western Mediterranean even as Rome expanded into Western Europe and North Africa. However, the city lost its independence following the Roman Siege of Massilia in 49 BC, during Caesar’s Civil War , in which Massalia sided with the exiled faction at war with Julius Caesar .
The Stade Vélodrome ( French pronunciation: [stad velɔdʁom] ) Known for sponsorship Reasons as the Orange Velodrome , is a multi-purpose stadium in Marseille , France . It is home to the Olympique de Marseille football club of Ligue 1 since it opened in 1937, and was a venue in the 1998 FIFA World Cup , the 2007 Rugby World Cup and the UEFA Euro 2016 . It sometimes hosts RC Toulon rugby club of the Top 14. It is the largest club in France, with a capacity of 67,344 spectators. The stadium is also used by the French rugby union team .
Jane Hading (25 November 1859 – 28 February 1941)  was a French actress . Her real name was Jeanne-Alfrédine Tréfouret . 
Yoni Dray (( Hebrew : יוני דרעי ), born March 17, 1987)  is an Israeli professional basketball player, He is a 1.78 m tall stitch guard . Dray currently plays with Ironi Nahariyafrom the Israeli Liga Leumit .
Maurice Dongier is a Canadian neuropsychiatrist at the Douglas Hospital Research Center in Montreal , Quebec . He is a Knight (Knight) of the French Legion of Honor as a connoisseur of fine cooking.  Dongier is a founding member of the French Society of Psycho-Oncology  (French Society for Psycho-oncology ). 
Maurice Cam (1901-1974) was a French film director . He directed fourteen films between 1939 and 1967 as well as working as assistant director and other various jobs in the film industry.
Michel-Dimitri Calvocoressi (2 October 1877 – 1 February 1944) was a multilingual music writer and critic who promoted Franz Liszt and Modest Mussorgsky .
Lucien Callamand born Lucien Marie Pascal Eugene Callamand (April 1, 1888 in Marseille – December 3, 1968 in Nice , Alpes-Maritimes ) Was one of the Earliest French movie actors Whose career transcended 6 decades of French cinema .
Pierrette Caillol (1898-1991) was a French stage and film actress .  She was married to the writer-director Yvan Noé .
Fernand Cabrol (11 December 1855 – 4 June 1937) was a French theologian, Benedictine monk and noted writer on the history of Christian worship . 
Cabrol was born in Marseille . He became a prior of St. Michael’s Abbey in Farnborough, Hampshire in 1896, and abbot in 1903. He is best known for being a co-founder of the Dictionary of Christian Archeology and Liturgy , together with Henri Leclercq .
Jean Cabannes (b Marseille August 12, 1885 – St. Cyr-sur-Mer October 31, 1959) was a French physicist specializing in optics .
From 1910 to 1914 Cabannes Worked in the laboratory of Charles Fabry in Marseille on the topic lancé by Lord Rayleigh at the end of the 19th century of how gas molecules diffused light . In 1914 he showed that pure gases could scatter light. Reviews This was published in Comptes Rendus in 1915. (Please see reference.) His career Was Then interrupted for five years by World War I .
Gaby Deslys (born Marie-Elise-Gabrielle Cairo , November 4, 1881 – February 11, 1920) was a singer and actress of the early 20th century from Marseilles, France.It is an abbreviation of Gabrielle of the Lillies . During the 1910s She was exceedingly popular worldwide, making $ 4,000 a week in the United States alone. During the 1910s she Performed Several times we Broadway , at the Winter Garden Theater , and Performed in a show with a young Al Jolson . Her dancing was so popular that The Gaby Glide was named for her.  
August Alphonse Derbes (May 8, 1818, Marseille – January 27, 1894, Marseille) was a French professor of naturalist , zoologist and botanist at the University of Marseilles who studied reproduction of sea urchins and algae . Derbès Was the first scientist to observe the fertilization of an egg in an animal When He detailed the process of forming an envelope around the gamete During sea urchin reproduction process has now Known to be associated with Ca 2+ release.  
Pierre Demours (1702 – June 26, 1795) was a French physician, zoologist and translator.
Demours was born in Marseilles ; his father was a pharmacist. He is not convinced with his son,  Antoine-Pierre Demours (1762-1836), also a renowned eye specialist and author.
Edmond Demolins (1852-1907) was a French pedagogue .
Life and work
Edmond Demolins was born in 1852 in Marseille . He became a disciple of Pierre Guillaume Frederic le Play . He formed a small group of students Paul de Rousiers that puts in the Play ‘s salon every Monday in the 1870s.  The Program of Government and Social Organization Based on Comparative Observation of the Various Peoples (1881) was a collective work by members of the group with a preface by Le Play.  Demolines edited the bi-monthly Social Reform .  In 1885, three years after the death of Le Play, Henri de Tourville and Demolins split from the movement and founded a new journal,Social science . They brought with them a few members of Rousiers and Robert Pinot (1862-1926), future director of the Social Museum and Secretary-General of the Forges Committee . This small group is a true research team. 
Henri Deluy (Born April 25, 1931 Marseille is a French poet . 
When Deluy was thirteen growing up in Aix-en-Provence he feels some of his poems to the local poet Blaise Cendrars . She answered by correcting some grammatical errors which served to Deluy. Five years later he interrupted his studies and hitchhiked England where he supported himself doing fruit-picking. He then decided to go to Sweden but while traveling through the Netherlands , he met his first wife and then he was in love with a new generation of ultra-modernist poets such as Adriaan Roland Holst . This proved to have a significant impact on his development as a writer.
Louis Blancard (September 22, 1831, Marseille – October 27, 1902, Marseille, aged 71) was a 19th-century French archivist and numismatist.
He was elected a member of the Academy of Marseille on April 18, 1861  of which he would be perpetual secretary from 1889 until his death in 1902. 
Marcel Bleibtreu (August 26, 1918 – December 25, 2001) was a French trotskyist activist and theorist.
Bleibtreu was born during his family’s refuge in Marseille from wartime bombing, Marcel Bleibtreu became a radical thinker as a child. After studies at the Condorcet high school, he studied medicine in Paris, and graduated in 1947. He joined the Bolshevik Leninist Group, the Trotskyist organization, in September 1936. By 1944 the Trotskyist was a member of the Internationalist Communist Party , (PCI), the French section of the Fourth International. Bleibtreu led workplace cells of the PCI around Puteaux-Suresnes-Nanterre under the pen-name Pierre Favre. In November 1944, he became an editor of the party’s newspaper, The Truth. He was named general secretary of the PCI in 1946, and led the party’s growth after its post-war legalization.
Georges Blond ( Jean-Marie Hoedick , July 11, 1906 in Marseille – March 16, 1989 in Paris), was a French writer. A prolific writer of mostly history but also other topics including fiction, Blond was also involved in far right political activity.
Louis Botinelly (26 January 1883 – 28 March 1962) was a French sculptor.
Botinelly was born on January 2, 1883 in Digne-les-Bains, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, France. He died on March 26, 1962 in Marseille.
Paul Marie Maurice Boulet (September 8, 1893, Marseille – July 27, 1982) was a French Christian Democrat politician.
Paul Boulet was born in Marseille and raised in Beziers and Montpellier . He studied medicine at the University of Montpellier . He served in the French Army during the First World War , initially as a stretcher-bearer and later as a medical officer. He was captured late in the war and held as a prisoner of war in Germany . For his services he was awarded the Croix de Guerre and was appointed Knight of the Legion of Honor in 1920, becoming an officer of the order in 1944.
Michel Honoré Bounieu (1740-1814) was a French painter of historical subjects and a mezzotint engraver.
Marie-France Boyer (born 22 April 1938  in Marseille) is a French actress,   singer  and the author of many published non-fiction books on France.    She appeared from 1959 until 1976 in more than a dozen feature films and several TV shows.
Edward Brasey is a French novelist , essayist, scriptwriter and storyteller born on March 25, 1954. Author of more than seventy works, many of which have been translated into English, Russian, Japanese, Spanish, Portuguese and Italian. He specializes in the themes of the esoteric, fables, legends and fantasy. He won a prize of Imaginal in 2006 for The Little Encyclopedia of the Wonderful , and a prize Merlin in 2009 for his novel The Curse of the Ring . Subsequently, he has become essentially a novelist, notably published by Calmann-Lévy . His historical-esoteric thriller that was published in 2013, The Last Pope , anticipated theabdication of Benedict XVI .
Marcel Brion ( French: [bʁi.ɔ] , November 21, 1895, Marseille – October 23, 1984, Paris ) was a French essayist, literary critic, novelist, and historian.
Alexandre Jean-Baptiste Brun (Marseille, November 3, 1853-Marseille, November 5, 1941) was a French painter, pupil of Alexandre Cabanel , Carolus-Duran and Felix Bracquemond .  He is especially known for his many marine paintings and a collection of watercolors on dark wash representing orchids .
Peter Paul Francis Degrand (1787-1855) or PPF Degrand was a French-born broker and merchant in Boston , Massachusetts , in the 19th-century.
Degrand was born in Marseilles , France, and moved to Boston around 1803.  He was involved with the Boston Stock Exchange and the railroad;   and published the Boston Weekly Report in the 1820s,  employing Edgar Allan Poe as a reporter.  Degrand lived on Pinckney Street in Beacon Hill .  Friends included John Quincy Adams .  He died on December 23, 1855  and was buried in Forest Hills Cemetery . Degrand bequeathed $ 120,000 to charity, a large part of the acquisition of French-language scientific texts for Harvard University . 
Robin Davis (born March 29, 1943) is a French film director and screenwriter . He directed 13 films between 1975 and 2006.
Jose Davert (1874-1934) was a French film actor . 
Federico Umberto d’Amato (1919 – 1 July 1996  ) was an Italian secret agent, who led the Office of the Ministry of Interior (Italy) from the 1950s until the 1970s, when the activity of the intelligence service was undercover and
D’Amato was born in Marseille , and during World War II worked for the US Office of Strategic Services . After the end of the conflict, the North Atlantic Treaty Special Office, a link between NATO and the United States . 
Philippe Dajoux (born March 23, 1968 in Marseille ) is a French actor and film director. 
After training as an actor, he made movie clips, short and long features. He has worked in television since 2006, mostly making 277 episodes of the series Most Beautiful Life   and 24 episodes of Second Chance . 
Jean-Marie Berthier (June 25, 1940 – August 8, 2017) was a French poet.  He taught literature in Africa, Asia and South America, and was the author of over 20 poetry collections. He won the 2010 François Coppée Award from the French Academy for Wait very beautiful of my waiting . 
Sabin Berthelot (4 April 1794 – 10 November 1880) was a French naturalist and ethnologist . He was resident on the Canary Islands for part of his life, and co-authored The Natural History of the Canary Islands (1835-50) with Philip Barker Webb .
Berthelot was the son of a Marseilles merchant. He joined the French Navy and served as a midshipman during the Napoleonic Wars . After the war he joined the merchant fleet, traveling between Marseilles and the West Indies . He first visited the Canary Islands in 1820, where he taught at a school in Tenerife and managed the botanical gardens at Orotavafor the Marquis of Villanueva del Prato .
Marcel Berlins (born Oct. 30, 1941)   is a lawyer,  legal commentator , broadcaster, and columnist. He has written for the British newspapers The Guardian and The Times , presented BBC Radio 4 ‘s legal program Law in Action for 15 years and was a visiting professor at City University London in the Journalism Department. 
Rostanh or Rostaing Berenguier de Marselha was an early fourteenth-century troubadour and Hospitaller from Marseille . He was a friend of the Grand Master Folco del Vilaret . The earliest biographical notice we have about Rostanh is the brief but unreliable biography in Jean de Nostredame . He is one of only three known troubadours to compose estampidas , the others being Raimbaut de Vaqueiras (who composed the first one, Kalenda maia ) and Cerverí de Girona (who composed four).  Rostanh composed only one: The dousa pariah. His songs are preserved in the manuscript called “Giraud”, where the first one is a long canso in honor of his Folco boss.
Roberto Benzi (born 1937) is a French conductor and child actor .
Erick Benzi (born March 1, 1959 in Marseille , France) is a French musician, songwriter, composer and record producer.
He is the former member of group Canada (formed by Jacques Veneruso , Gildas Arzel and Gwenn Arzel ). Benzi is one of the biggest and most requested Francophone producers. Since 1990s, Jean-Jacques Goldman , Celine Dion , Anggun and others. Benzi owns a recording studio in The Moon Boat. He is also the editor of the Erk Music Company .
Syam Ben Youssef ( Tunisian Arabic : صيام بن يوسف ; born March 31, 1989 in Marseille ) is a Tunisian footballer who plays as a center back for Turkish club Kasımpaşa in Süper Lig
Maurice Béjart ( English: [beʒaʁ] ; 1 January 1927 – 22 November 2007) was a French-born dancer, choreographer and opera director who ran the Béjart Ballet Lausanne in Switzerland. He was awarded Swiss citizenship posthumously.
Georges de Beauregard (23 December 1920 Marseilles – 10 September 1984 Paris) was a French film producer who produced works by the French New Wave directors. In 1968, he was a member of the jury at the Berlin International Film Festival .  In 1983 he was awarded a Special Cesar Award , the French National Film Prize. 
François Emmanuel Joseph Bazin ( pronounced [fʁɑ.swa ba.zɛ] ; 4 September 1816 in Marseille – 2 July 1878 in Paris) was a well-known French opera composer during the nineteenth century. His works are not widely performed today. [ quote needed ]
Jacques Baumel was a French politician. He was born on March 6, 1918 in Marseille and died on February 17, 2006 in Rueil-Malmaison . He was a French resistance fighter (under the aliases’ Saint-Just ”, ” Berneix ” or ‘Rossini’), deputy in the National Assembly , a Senator , a leading leader of the Gaullist movement , and the Secretary of State and mayor of Rueil-Malmaison .
Pierre Henri Joseph Baume (1797-1875) was a French socialist , active in England .
Balm was born at Marseille . When he was still young, his father moved to Naples and the boy was placed in a military college there. In his eighteenth year, he became private secretary to King Ferdinand . He left Italy and came to England about 1825, where he associated with the advocates of social change. In 1832, he took out letters of naturalization. He was, in succession, a preacher of the doctrine of ‘reforming optimism, a theatrical manager, the curator and owner of some experimental model gardens’ near Holloway , and a promoter in Manchester of public-houses without intoxicating drinks.
Jeannette Batti (1921-2011) was a French film actress. 
Jean-François de Bastide (July 15, 1724, Marseille – July 4, 1798, Milan aged 73) was an 18th-century French writer and playwright.
The sound of a magistrate from Provence, Bastide was a polygraph : he wrote novels ( Story of a nun by herself , “Universal Library of Novels”, May 1786, 24 pp. In-16), theater plays, critics, and was also a journalist and a compilator. As a journalist, he published The New Spectator (1758-60), The World as It Is (1760-61), Journal de Bruxelles or The Thinker (1766-67), etc. He also directed the “Universal Library of Novels” from 1779 to 1789.
Auguste-Marseille Barthélemy (1796 – 23 August 1867), born at Marseilles , was a French satirical poet . His name is Joseph Mery (1798-1866), with which he is a member of the United States. 
Nicolas-Thomas Barthe (1734, Marseille – 17 June 1785, Paris) was an 18th-century French poet and playwright.
Dominique Barriere (c.1622-1678) was a French painter and engraver .
Barrier was born at Marseilles in about 1622. He was most likely in Rome, where he had a considerable number of plates, after Claude and other landscape painters, and other subjects. They are neatly etched in the manner of Stefano della Bella . He died in Rome in 1678. He sometimes signed his plate, Dominicus Barriere Massiliensis, and sometimes with the cipher which is the mark used by Domenico del Barbiere , and their mistakes are very different. 
Bernard Barrera (born 4 February 1962 in Marseille ) is a general in the French Army . As commander of the 3rd Mechanized Brigade , he was in charge of ground operations during Operation Serval in Mali in 2013. 
Gabriel Baron (1859-1928) was a French lawyer and politician. He served as the Mayor of Aix-en-Provence in 1896, and as a member of the National Assembly of France from 1897 to 1898, from 1902 to 1906, and from 1906 to 1910.
Charles Jean Marie Barbaroux (March 6, 1767 – June 25, 1794) was a French politician of the Revolutionary period and Freemason . 
Jean Ballard (1893-1973) was a French poet, author and editor.
Jean Ballard was born on November 14, 1893 in Marseille , France.  He grew up in Marseille and passed his Baccalaureate, specializing in mathematics. 
Caesar (Born Cesare Baldaccini, January 1, 1921 – December 6, 1998), also referred to as Cesar Baldaccini , was a noted French sculptor .
Caesar was at the forefront of the New Realism movement with his radical compressions (compacted automobiles, discarded metal, gold rubbish), expansions (polyurethane foam sculptures), and fantastic representations of animals and insects.
Joseph Autran (June 20, 1813 – March 6, 1877) was a French poet.
Autran was born in Marseille . In 1832 he addressed an ode to Alphonse de Lamartine , who was then at Marseilles on his way to the East. Lamartine persuaded the young man’s father to allow him to follow his poetic instinct, and Autran became Lamartine’s faithful disciple from then on.
Michel Aurillac (July 11, 1928 – July 6, 2017) was a French lawyer, politician and author. He served as a member of the National Assembly for Indre from 1978 to 1981, and in 1986. He won the Minister of Cooperation from 1986 to 1988. He won the 1987 Narcisse Michaut Award from the French Academy .
Frederic Auburtin (born 4 July 1962) is a French director, writer, actor and producer.
Life and career
Frederic Auburtin was born and grew up in Marseille, where he studied music (piano, drums) and literature before turning to the cinema in the early 80s. He made his debut as an assistant director in the film Rouge midi , directed by Robert Guédiguian .
Augustin Raymond Aubert (1781-1847) was a French painter.
He was born in 1781 in Marseille . He studied at first under Joachim Guenin , and later with Pierre Peyron , in Paris, where he had moved in 1802. He returned to Marseilles shortly after.
Gabriel d’Aubarède (September 28, 1898 – December 31, 1985) was a French novelist, literary critic and journalist.  His 1959 novel The Faith of our childhood won the Grand Prix novel of the French Academy . 
Laurent d’Arvieux (June 21, 1635 – October 30, 1702) was a French traveler and diplomat born in Marseille . 
He was known for his travels in the Middle East , which began in 1654 as a merchant in the Ottoman port of Smyrna . From 1658 traveled across the Levant (Lebanon, Syria and Palestine) and in 1666 visited Tunis . Later he returned to France, and in 1674-75 was assigned as consul to Algiers , then later served as consul to Aleppo from 1679 to 1686.
Georges Arvanitas (June 13, 1931 – September 25, 2005) was a French jazz pianist and organist. 
Rene Arthaud (20 September 1915 – 21 July 2007) was a French politician. He served as a member of the National Assembly from 1946 to 1951, representing Vaucluse .   He was also Minister of Public Health from 24 June 1946 to 16 December 1946. 
Salim M’Hamed Arrache (born 14 July 1982 in Marseille , France ) is an Algerian footballer . He last plays Chengdu Tiancheng FC in China League One .
Louis Honore Arnavon (Julu 9, 1786 – October 18, 1841) was a soap maker and politician.  He served as a city councilor of Marseilles in 1830, and as a member of the National Assembly from September 8, 1831 to October 31, 1831, when he resigned.  He was a Knight of the Legion of Honor . 
Spirit-John of Rome of Ardene (March 3, 1684, Marseille – March 27, 1748, Marseille aged 64  ) was an 18th-century French fabulist .
Gerard Araud (born February 20, 1953) is a French diplomat, who since 2014 has served as Ambassador of France to the United States. He has also served as Permanent Representative of the United Nations as Director General for Political and Security Affairs of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development .
Sylvie Andrieux (born December 15, 1961 in Marseille ) is a member of the National Assembly of France . She represents the department of Bouches-du-Rhone , and sat initially as a member of Socialist, radical, citizen and various left .  She is Implicated in the scandal of misappropriation of the Regional Council of Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur subsidies 
Andrex (1907-1989) was a French film actor .  Andrex was a close friend of the comedian Fernandel and appeared in many movies alongside him.
Félix Jean Marie Louis Ancey (August 2, 1835, in Marseille – June 1, 1919, in Le Beausset ) was a French entomologist and malacologist .
Félix Ancey who lived in Algeria worked mainly on Coleoptera and Hymenoptera . His son Cesar Marie Felix Ancey was also an entomologist and malacologist.
Kassim Djae , better known by his stage name Alonzo , is a French rapper and singer of Comorian descent who is signed to Def Jam France.
He started rapping from 2002 onwards and was part of the Marseille -based hip-hop band Psy 4 of the Rime  as Segnor Alonzo alongside the band members Don Vincenzo (real name Illiassa Issilame), Soprano (real name Saïd M’Roubaba) and DJ Sya Styles (real name Rachid Aït Baar).
Cyndi Almouzni (born 10 October 1984), best known at the beginning of her music career in the United States as Cherie  is a French pop and dance music singer coming from Marseille Her 2004 hit ” I’m Ready ” hit # 1 on the Hot Dance Music / Club Play chart.
Rene Allio ( French: [aljo] ; 3 August 1924, Marseille – March 27, 1995, Paris ) was a French film and theater director.
Some of the movies and theater plays he directed include:
Marie Allard (1742-1802) was a French ballerina. She debuted in the Paris Opera in 1761.
Marie Allard was born in 1742 to a poor family in Marseille . At the age of 10, she was offered to a Monsieur V. and the Comédie de Marseille. Her mother died two years later and Marie est devenu a dancer (dancer first) of the Lyon Opera. By the age of 14, she was employed at the Comedie-Française and lived in a small apartment in Paris. Shortly after beginning her studies with balletmaster Gaetan Vestris , she became his lover. In 1760 she gave birth to her, Auguste Vestris . 
André-Joseph Allar (August 22, 1845 – April 11, 1926) was a French sculptor .
Enrique Alciati (died after 1912) was a French / Italian sculptor and teacher, born in Marseille , France, who contributed various sculptures in France and Mexico. His most notable artwork is the Winged Victory that crowns the Independence Column in downtown Mexico City .
Said Ahamada is a French politician. He was born in Reunion , and he is of Comorian descent.  He holds a master’s degree in finance.  Since 18 June 2017, he has been member of the National Assembly for the 7th district of Bouches-du-Rhône , which includes part of the 14th arrondissement of Marseille and its 15th and 16th arrondissements. 
Antoine d’Agata ( French: [Dagata] ; born 1961) is a French photographer and film director. His work deals with topics that are often considered taboo, such as addiction, sex, personal obsessions, darkness, and prostitution. 
D’Agata is a full member of Magnum Photos . In 2001 he won the Niepce Prize for young photographers. 
Louis Amedee Eugene Achard (April 19, 1814 – March 25, 1875) was a prolific French novelist.
Achard was born in Marseille . After Algiers , he went to Toulouse , and then to Marseille , where he became a journalist and wrote for the Semaphore. He moved to Paris, where he wrote for the Green-Green , the Entracte , the Charivari , and the Epoch . Achard wrote extensively for the Epoch , even writing for his colleagues when they lacked inspiration. He then collaborated in the satirical journal The PamphletFiorentino, who he had defamed. While still convalescent, he left for Italy with the French Army to cover the war for the Journal des Débats .
Claude-François Achard (1751-1809) was a French physician and author. He was the founder of the first public library in Marseille . He was the author of several books, including the first French- Provençal dictionary.
Benjamin Abram (1846-1938) was a French lawyer and politician. He served as Mayor of Aix-en-Provence from 1888 to 1896. He was the third Jewish Mayor of Aix-en-Provence, and abandoned politics after the debacle of the antisemitic Dreyfus affair .
Amir Abdou (born 8 July 1972 in Marseille , France ) is a Comorian professional football manager .
The Marseille tramway ( French : Tramway Marseille ) is a tram system in the French city of Marseille in Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur . Marseille’s modern tram network consists of,  serving 32 stations,  and operating over 15.8 kilometers (9.8 mi) of road.  The current, modern Marseille tram network ouvert is 7 July 2007. 
Marseille Fos Port (French: Marseille-Fos Port , gold Great Seaport of Marseille) is the main trade seaport of France . In 2011, the port had an overall traffic of 88 million tones. It was also one of the world’s largest and fifth largest in the Mediterranean .
The Marseille Metro ( French : Métro de Marseille ) is a subway / rapid transit system serving the city of Marseille , in southern France . The Marseille Metro opened in 1977. As of 2013, the system included two lines, partly underground, serving 28 stations, with an overall route of 21.5 kilometers (13.4 mi).  The first line (Line 1) opened on November 26 1977. After the opening of a second line and multiple extensions, the metro currently serves 28 stations, two of which (Saint-Charles) and (Castallane) provide interchange with another line.
Public transport in Marseille is managed by the Marseille Transport Authority (known as RTM). In 2011, there were 159 million trips, averaging 600,000 trips each weekday. 
The Abbey of St. Victor is a late Roman monastic foundation in Marseille in the south of France , named after the local martin and martyred soldier, Victor of Marseilles .
The Old Port of Marseille (French: Old Port of Marseille ) is at the end of the Canebiere , the major street of Marseille . It has been the natural harbor of the city since Antiquity and is now the main popular place in Marseille. It became mainly pedestrian in 2013.
The Museum of European and Mediterranean Civilizations (MuCEM) (French: Museum of Civilizations of Europe and the Mediterranean ) is a national museum Located in Marseille , France. It was inaugurated on 7 June 2013 as part of Marseille-Provence 2013 , a year when Marseille was designated as the European Capital of Culture . 
The Natural History Museum of Marseille or Natural History Museum of Marseille was founded in 1819 by Jean-Baptiste, Marquis de Montgrand . It is located in the Palais Longchamp .
The museum houses 83,000 zoological specimens, 200,000 botanical specimens, 81,000 fossils, and 8,000 mineral specimens.
The Marseille History Museum ( Musee d’Histoire de Marseille ) is the local historical and archaeological museum of Marseille in France . It was opened in 1983, the first historic city museum in France, to display the major archaeological findings discovered when the site was excavated in 1967 for commercial redevelopment and the construction of the Center’s stock exchange shopping center. The museum building, which is opened from within the center, opens onto the “garden of the remains”, a garden containing the stabilized archaeological remains of classical ramparts, port buildings, a necropolis and so on.
Marseille Cathedral ( French : Cathedral Sainte-Marie-Major of Marseille or Cathedral of the Major ) is a Roman Catholic cathedral, and a national monument of France , located in Marseille . It has been a basilica minor since 1896. It is the seat of the Archdiocese of Marseille (formerly the Diocese of Marseilles until its elevation in 1948).
The Chateau d’If is a fortress (later a prison) Located on the island of Yew, The Smallest island in the Friuli archipelago Situated in the Mediterranean Sea about 1.5 km ( 7 / 8 mile) offshore in the Bay of Marseille in southeastern France . It is famous for being one of the settings of Alexander Dumas’ adventure novel The Count of Monte Cristo . If is the French word for the yewtree.
Fort Saint-Jean is a fortification in Marseille , built in 1660 by Louis XIV at the entrance to the Old Port . Since 2013 it is linked by two thin bridges to the historical district The Basket , and to the Museum of European and Mediterranean Civilizations , the first French national museum to be located outside Paris.
Athletic Union of Marseille was a French basketball club from the city of Marseille , which belonged to the elite of the French championship in 1940 and 1950. The club has now disappeared.
Marseille Vitrolles Rugby is a French rugby union based in Marseille and currently competing in Fédérale 1 , the semi-professional top level of the French amateur league system. The club, founded in 2007 by a Marseille merger of Provence XV and Vitrolles of Rugby, plays at Marseille Provence ‘s home ground, Stade Roger Couderc .
The Marseillaise World Cup has been an international tournament of pétanque . It is held every year in July in Marseille , the biggest city in the south of France . The central location of the event is in Borély Park , but it also extends to many other parks and boulodromes in and around the city. In 2016, the 55th World attracted around 15,000 participants and 150,000 spectators. 
The Marseille-Cassis International Classic is an annual half marathon which follows a race from Marseille to Cassis in France during the last weekend in October. It has the silver label of the IAAF Race Label Race Events and is thus among the most successful half marathon breeds in the world. First organized by the SCO Sainte-Marguerite sports club in 1979, the event has grown to a large international competition, with around 12,000 runners competing every year. The course distance of 20.308 meters slightly short of the true half marathon distance (21.097.5 m). Since 2012, the race has been shortened by 308 meters so the total distance of the race has become exactly 20 kilometers.  Still, the race is made more difficult by a long 327 m climb up hill-the Col de la Gineste -at the midpoint of the race, which eventually follows back to the port of Cassis.  The annual race is usually held in the month of October.
Marseille XIII is a French rugby league club from the town of Marseille .
Marseille Provence XV is a defunct French rugby union club, founded in 2000. The team played at the Stade Roger Couderc in Marseille , France .
The club debuted in Federal 3 (third amateur division) in the 2000-01 season. They were promoted after the 2001-02 season to Federal 2, and went up again in 2003 to Federal 1, though they went back to Federal 2 for two seasons, they were promoted to Federal 1 for the 2006-07 season.
The Louis Vuitton Acts were a series of International America’s Cup Class regattas leading up to the 2007 Louis Vuitton Cup and the 2007 America’s Cup . Thirteen regattas or acts were held in total. These contestants involved all the challengers plus the holder of the America’s Cup , Alinghi , and the winners to earn bonus points that went to the Louis Vuitton Cup . The 2004-2007 period was the first time this format had been used in America’s Cup racing.
The Robert Louis-Dreyfus Training Center , commonly referred to, simply, as The Commandery , is the training ground and Academy base of French football club, Olympique Marseille . Located in Marseille , the center was officially opened in July 1991.  Called La Commanderie , the training ground was renamed in 2009 after the death of the owner of the club, Robert Louis-Dreyfus .
The World Water Council is an international think tank founded in 1996, with its headquarters in Marseille , France . It has 341 members (March 2017) which include organizations from the United Nations and the intergovernmental organizations , the private sector (construction, engineering and manufacturing companies), governments and ministries , academic institutions, international organizations , local governments , and civil society groups. Founders and members of the World Water Council include the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, theInternational Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the International Water Association (IWA), AquaFed (International Federation of Private Water Operators), Suez Lyonnaise des Eaux , UNDP and UNESCO , and the World Bank . 
The Marseille Naval Fire Battalion ( French : marine brigade Battalion of Marseille , gold BMPM ), is the fire and rescue department for the city of Marseille .
The battalion is a branch of the French Navy ( French : French Navy ), and fully staff Consists of military, like the Paris Fire Brigade (a branch of the French Army ), and PGHM(a branch of the French Gendarmerie ).
The French Research Institute for Development ( French : Institute of Research for Development , IRD ) is a French science and technology establishment under the supervision seal of the French Ministries of Higher Education and Research and Foreign Affairs . It operates from its headquarters in Marseille , and two metropolitan centers of Montpellier and Bondy.
The Center for Research and Documentation on Oceania , also known as CREDO ( Center for Research and Documentation on Oceania ) is a cross-disciplinary research laboratory in social and cultural anthropology, history and archeology, researchers and lecturers from three institutions CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research), EHESS (School for Advanced Studies in Social Sciences) and the University of Provence . Its main focus of research and teaching are the past and contemporary societies of the Pacific, Australia included.
The Center for Immunology of Marseille-Luminy (CIML) was founded in 1976 and has been described by AERES , an independent evaluation agency, as “without doubt one of the best immunology centers of excellence in Europe”. The CIML addresses all areas of contemporary immunology; it is located in Marseille in the South of France. 
Provence is a French language newspaper published in Marseille , France.
The Petit Marseillais was a daily regional newspaper published in Marseille between 1868 and 1944.
OM TV is a subscription-based channel, entirely dedicated to the French football team Olympique de Marseille . The channel offers Marseille exclusive fans interviews with players and staff, full matches, including replays of all Ligue 1, Coupe de France, League Cup, Champions League / UEFA Cup and friendly games, in addition to vintage matches, footballing news and other themed programming.
The Little Provençal ( The Little Provincial ) was a French provincial daily newspaper founded in Marseille in 1880. It took a Left Republican position, although it was never an official socialist organ. In the years before World War I (1914-18) many prominent politicians contributed to the paper. The paper opposed the pact between Germany and Russia just beforeWorld War II (1939-45), and after the fall of France versus the Vichy regime. However, it managed to continue publication until 1944.
The Journal (The Journal) Was a Paris daily newspaper published from 1892 to 1944 in a small, four-page format.
It was founded and edited by Fernand Arthur Pierre Xau until 1899. It was bought and managed by Henri Letellier in 1899 and became “the most Parisian, the most literary, and the most boulevardier of the newspapers of Paris” (Simon Arbellot , see Curnonsky ).
Hot Jazz is a French quarterly jazz magazine published in Marseille . It was founded in March 1935 in Paris .
Jazz Hot is acclaimed for having innovated scholarly jazz criticism before and after World War II – jazz criticism that was also distinguished with literary merit, and in some articles before 1968, with leftist political views. Several of its early contributors are credited for helping to intellectualize jazz journalism and to draw attention to it from fine arts institutions and institutions.  [i] Jazz Hot has played an integral role integrating jazz into a French national identity. 
France 3 Provence-Alpes is a regional television service, part of the France 3 network. It serves the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region from its headquarters in Marseilles and secondary production center in Antibes , along with newsrooms in Toulon and Nice . France 3 Provence-Alpes produces regional news, sports, features and entertainment programming.
The Cahiers du Sud was a French literary magazine based in Marseilles . It was founded by Jean Ballard in 1925 and published until 1966.  
Claudius Marius Victorius (Victorinus gold or Victor) was a rhetor (ie a teacher and poet) of the fifth century CE from Marseille . He is known for a Latin poem on Genesis in hexameters and a letter to the Salomon abbot against the moral degradation of his age.
The UEFA Euro 2016 football championships in France saw several recorded instances of football hooliganism and related violence between fans, both at the venues where matches took place, and in cities at participating stadiums. The violence started immediately before the tournament, and involved clashes between several countries. Some of the rioting came from established gangs and football hooligan organizations, which deliberately intended to provoke violence. They clashed with riot police who controlled the crowds using tear gas and a water cannon .
The Round up of Marseille (22-24 January 1943) took place in the Old Port of Marseille under the Vichy regime during the German occupation of France . Assisted by the French police , directed by René Bousquet , the Germans organized to raid to arrest Jewish people. The police checked the identity documents of 40,000 people, and the operation sent 2,000 Marseillese people first to Frejus , then to the camp of Royallieu near Compiegne , in the Northern Zone of France, and then to Drancy internment camp , last stop beforeextermination camps . The operation also encompasses the expulsion of an entire neighborhood (30,000 persons) before its destruction. Located in the Old Port, the 1st district was considered by the Germans to be a “terrorist nest” because of its small, windy and curvy streets.  For this occasion, SS leader Carl Oberg , in charge of the German Police in France , made the trip from Paris, and transmitted to Bousquet orders directly from Himmler . It is a notable case of the French police’s collaboration with the German occupiers.
The rodeo Was a technical of rioting qui est devenu popular in France Beginning in 1981 Often associated with youth of North African descent, and the Lyon suburb of Minguettes. These riots belong to stealing cars, driving them in tight circles, and ultimately burning them.  Some reports indicate that they are stolen from more prosperous areas, and taken to depressed neighborhoods to be burned in police raids. 
Christian Marletta was accused of rape, murder and dismemberment of Christelle Bancourt, a twelve-year-old girl, in Marseille . Marletta was convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment in 1985. He was released in 2006.
The Marseilles transporter bridge , inaugurated in 1905 and destroyed in 1944, was a crossing of the Old Port of Marseille , designed by engineer Ferdinand Arnodin .
Gennadius of Massilia (died 496), also known as Gennadius Scholasticus or Gennadius Massiliensis , was a 5th-century Christian priest and historian .
His best-known work is De Viris Illustribus (“Of Famous Men”), a biography of over ninety-five contemporary Christians, which continued to work of the same name by Jerome .
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Marseille , France.
Parc Borély is a public municipal park in the city of Marseille , in France . It is classified by the French Ministry of Culture as one of the Notable Gardens of France . The park is 17 hectares in size. It adjoins the EM Heckel Botanical Garden .
The Park of the XXVth Centenary is a public park located in the city of Marseille in France. It is listed by the French Ministry of Culture as one of the Notable Gardens of France .
Beaches of the Prado is the generic name for the beaches in the south neighborhood of Marseille , France . The seaside park is an artificial coastal development created in the late 1970s by Gaston Defferre . They were built with the construction of the subway lines .
Mount Puget , named after the French sculptor Pierre Puget , is a mountain, part of Marseille-Cassis calanques , located south-east of Marseille . Like most Marseille mountains, it is formed from limestone .
Ratonneau is one of the islands of Friuli archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea , off the southern coast of France near Marseille . It is relatively long and thin, approximately 2.5 km long but at most 500 m wide and generally much narrower. It was connected to the near island of Pomègues , which runs roughly parallel, by a mole constructed in 1822 to create a port area.
The Urban Community of Marseille Provence Metropole ( English : Urban Community Marseille Provence Metropole ) is a former intercommunal structure gathering the city of Marseille (in Provence , Southern France ) and some of its suburbs. On January 1, 2016 it is merged into the Metropolis of Aix-Marseille-Provence .
The Massif des Calanques is a wild and rugged land stretching from the ninth arrondissement of Marseilles to the east towards Cassis , spanning 20 miles in length and 4 miles in width along the coast. Its highest peak is Mount Puget at 565m. The area has been protected by a national park since 2012.
The botanical garden EM Heckel (12,000 m²), also known as the Botanical Garden of Marseille and the Borély Botanical Garden of Marseille , is a municipal botanical gardenlocated in the Borély Park at 48, Avenue Clot Bey, Marseille , Bouches-du-Rhône , Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur , France . It is open daily except Monday; admission fee is charged.
The Frioul archipelago is a group of 4 islands located on the Mediterranean coast of France , approximately 4 kilometers (2 miles) from Marseille . The islands of the archipelago cover a total land area of approximately 200 hectares .
A calanque ( French: [kalɑk] , “inlet”; Corsican : calanca , calanche , Occitan : calanca , calancas pl ) is a narrow, steep-walled inlet that is developed in limestone , dolomite , or other carbonate strata and found along the Mediterranean coast. A calanque is a steep-sided valley formed within karstic regions or by fluvial erosion or the collapse of the roof of a cellar that has been further partially submerged by a rise in sea level .  
The Aix-Marseille-Provence Metropolis ( French : city of Aix-Marseille-Provence ) is the metropolis , an intermunicipal structure, centered on the cities of Marseille and Aix-en-Provence . It is located in the Bouches-du-Rhone , Var and Vaucluse departments , in the Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur region , southeastern France . It was created in January 2016, replacing the previous Urban Community Marseille Provence Métropole and fivecommunities of agglomeration .  Its population was 1,886,842 in 2014, of which 866,644 in Marseille proper and 145,763 in Aix-en-Provence. 
Saint-Exupéry High School , nicknamed Saint-Ex , is a sixth-form college / senior high school in the 15th arrondissement of Marseille , France . 
As of 2013 the Saint-Exupéry area covers those of nine different junior high schools (colleges). 
The International Center for Mathematical Encounters (CIRM) is a mathematics research institute associated with the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) and the Société Mathématique de France (SMF). It is located in Luminy, Marseille, France and is affiliated with Aix-Marseille University . CIRM hosts weekly workshops on various topics where mathematicians and scientists from all over the world come to do collaborative research. Modeled as a ” Villa Medici of Mathematics”, it receives around 3,500 visitors per year. 
Euroméditerranée is an urban renewal project underway in Marseille to create a business district in the district of La Joliette .
The project was launched in 1995 with the initiative of Robert Vigouroux , Mayor of Marseille, and the State. The agreement for the establishment of a public agency of development was signed in 1994,  working on an area of 310 hectares. Since 2007, “Euroméditerranée Act 2” extended the scope to 170 more hectares.  This project is funded by the European Union, the State, the Regional Council, the Departemental Council, the urban community and the City of Marseille.
The Massiliades is a music festival created by the students of French engineering school École Centrale Marseille . It takes place in the city of Marseille , in the south-east of France .
Marseille-Provence 2013 or MP2013  was the year-long series of cultural events that took place in Marseille , France and the surrounding area to celebrate the territory’s designation as the European Capital of Culture for 2013. In total, there were more than 900 different cultural events that attracted more 11 million visits.  Marseille-Provence 2013 was an operating budget of approximately 100 million euros and more than 600 million euros in new cultural infrastructure was unveiled in 2013  including the MuCEM designed by Rudy Ricciotti and the Mediterranean Sea conference center designed by Stefano Boeri. MP2013 was a key part of a larger, decades-long, multibillion-dollar development effort to revitalize the city. 
Marseille soap or Savon de Marseille is a traditional hard soap made from vegetable oils That has-been Produced around Marseille , France , for about 600 years. The first documented soapmaker Was Recorded there in about 1370. By 1688, Louis XIV Introduced regulations in the Edict of Colbert limiting the use of the name soap to olive oil based soaps.  The law has been made to be used.
Marseille International Film Festival (in French the International Film Festival of Marseille of FIDMarseille ) is a documentary Film Festival Held yearly since 1989 in Marseille , France . The festival awards grand prizes in international and national categories.  The 2009 competition featured 20 documentaries in the international category and 14 in the French category. 
La Friche de la Belle de Mai or The Friche – in English The Fallow or The Wasteland – is a tobacco factory near the Saint-Charles station in Marseille , in the neighborhood of Belle de Mai . In 1992, it was converted into a cultural complex. Presenting itself as a “pole of authors,” the Wasteland focuses its efforts primarily on the creation and production of works. It hosts dozens of international artists in residence and it contains over sixty artistic and cultural structures of all disciplines (theater, dance, music, contemporary art, radio). It is also a place of show and broadcasting, it contains 2 concert rooms (The random cabaret, 900 places, and the cardboard, 1,200 places), it hosted several times the electronic and urban music festival Marsatac . La Friche includes a restaurant, a nursery, a playground for children, a library, a local food market, a skate shop, a skate park, family and community gardens and two new theaters. The Mediterranean Institute of Show Crafts will open in 2014.
GRIM ( Grim , Roughly translated Group of Musical Research and Innovation ), based in Marseille , France , is a non-profit institute for improvised music and experimental music . GRIM bases its activities at Montevideo , a site of contemporary creation in Marseille. 
The Fonky Family (often shortened to La Fonky , or La FF ) are a French hip hop group from Marseille . They are composed of four rappers , The Luciano Rat , Menzo ( en ) , Don Choa ( en ) and Sat , the producer Pone ( fr ) , DJ Djel , the dancer Blaze , the Karima singer , Flex (fetus) Nandell , and Fafa manager .
Capital & Victor ORLY is a French gallery established by the cultural association Capital in Marseille , France in 2005. The gallery presents works of international contemporary artists. The gallery is managed by Guennadi Grebniov.
The “International Biennial of Circus Arts” is the largest contemporary circus festival in the world and is held in France every two years. The Biennale is organized by the Archaos circus company and the first edition in 2015 attracted 60 circus companies from around the world and had more than 85,000 visitors. 
The Ballet National de Marseille is an internationally acclaimed dance company based in Marseille , France. The company combines modern and classical dance. 
Keny Arkana ( French pronunciation: [keni aʁkana] ; born 20 December 1982 in Boulogne-Billancourt , Paris ) is an Argentine – French rapper who is active in the alter-globalization and civil disobedience movements. In 2004 she founded a collective music called The Rage of the People ( fr ) , in the neighborhood of Noailles in Marseille .
Archaos (Circus Archaos) is a French contemporary circus  created by Pierrot Bidon in 1986. It began as an alternative, theatrical circus without animals, featuring dangerous stunts like chainsaw juggling, fire breathing , wall of death , etc. The company is considered a pioneer of the contemporary circus. Today, Archaos is based in Marseille , France and is a designated National Center for Circus Arts. Archaos is also the organizer of the International Biennale of Circus Arts , the world’s largest contemporary circus festival.
The Academy of Marseille , officially the Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters of Marseille , is a French learned society based in Marseille . It was founded in 1726 and includes those in the city involved in the arts , letters , and sciences .