Timeline of Marseille


The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Marseille , France.

This is a dynamic list and can not be satisfied. You can help by Expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Prior to 17th century

  • 600 BC – Massalia founded by Phocaean Greeks (approximate date). [1]
  • 49 BC – Siege of Massilia . [1]
  • 1st century AD – Roman Catholic Diocese of Marseille established. [2]
  • 415 AD – Abbey of St. Victor Founded (approximate date).
  • 470 – Town taken by forces of Visigoth Euric . [3]
  • 6th century – Port in operation.
  • 839 – Town “sacked by Saracens.” [3]
  • 1214
    • Town becomes a republic. [3]
    • Our Lady of the Guard built.
  • 1252 – Town “taken by Charles of Anjou .” [1]
  • 1262 – Revolt against Angevins .
  • 1348 – Bubonic plague outbreak. [4]
  • 1365 – Abbey of St. Victor building constructed.
  • 1423 – Sack of Marseille ( fr ) by Aragonese . [5]
  • 1453 – Fortifications constructed.
  • 1481 – Marseille united with Provence .
  • 1486 – Marseille becomes part of France. [1]
  • 1524 – Town besieged by Forces of Francis I . [5]
  • 1531 – If Castle built.
  • 1542 – Saint Ferreol the Augustins Church (church) dedicated.
  • 1593 – Hotel Dieu (hospital) founded.
  • 1599 – Marseille Chamber of Commerce ( en ) founded. [6]

17th-18th centuries

  • 1619 – Church of St. Cannat (church) dedicated.
  • 1640 – Refuge House established. [7]
  • 1649 – Plague. [3]
  • 1660 – Fort Saint-Jean built.
  • 1672 – Coffee in business. [8]
  • 1673 – Marseille City Hall ( en ) built. [9]
  • 1702 – Marseille Observatory built. [10]
  • 1720-21 – Great Plague of Marseille . [3]
  • 1726 – Academy of Science established. [11]
  • 1749 – Almshouse built.
  • 1770 – City directory published. [12]
  • 1778
    • Chateau Borely built. [5]
    • Fossati fountain ( fr ) erected. [13]
  • 1781 – Marseille Shuttle ( en ) created.
  • 1787 – Grand Theater opens. [13]
  • 1789 – April: “Revolutionary concotions” occur. [3]
  • 1790
    • Marseille becomes part of the Bouches du Rhône sovereignty . [14]
    • Jacobin Club founded. [15]
  • 1793 – August: “Marseilles opposes the revolutionary government, and is reduced.” [3]
  • 1796 – Public library founded.[16]

19th century

1800s-1840s

  • 1800 – Population: 96,413. [14]
  • 1801
    • Canton of Marseille-1 , 2, 3, 4, 5 , and 6 created. [14]
    • Museum of Fine Arts of Marseille founded. [17]
  • 1802 – Lycée Thiers ( fr ) (school) and Botanical Garden EM Heckel (garden) [18] established.
  • 1803
    • Santon Fair ( fr ) begins.
    • Cabinet of Natural History founded. [10]
  • 1808 – 26 February: Birth of Honoré Daumier .
  • 1810 – Marseille Medical Society established. [19]
  • 1811 – Obelisk erected in the Place Castellane .
  • 1819 – Museum of Natural History of Marseille founded.
  • 1820 – Population: 101,217. [20]
  • 1827
    • The Semaphore ( en ) newspaper begins publication. [21]
    • Statistical Society of Marseille established. [19] [1]
  • 1836 – Population: 148,597. [20]
  • 1837 – Aix Gate (arch) inaugurated.
  • 1846 – Journal of Marseilles newspaper begins publication. [21]
  • 1848
    • Paris-Marseille railway begins operating.
    • Station Marseille-Saint-Charles opens.
  • 1849 – Canal of Marseille opens.

1850s-1890s

  • 1851
    • Messageries Maritimes shipping company in business. [22]
    • Population: 195,258. [14]
  • 1852 – Chave Prison ( en ) built on Chave Boulevard . [13]
  • 1853 – The Joliette dock constructed. [5]
  • 1854 – Zoological Garden of Marseille ( fr ) (zoo) opens.
  • 1855 – Phare de Sainte Marie built.
  • 1856
    • Population: 233,817.[20]
    • Cimetière Saint-Pierre established.
  • 1857 – Alcazar (Marseille) (fr) theatre opens.
  • 1858
    • Marseille–Ventimiglia railway begins initial operation.
    • Palais du Pharo built.
  • 1860
    • Exchange built.[23]
    • Race track in business.
  • 1862 – Marseille Courthouse (fr) built.[23]
  • 1863 – Grande synagogue de Marseille (fr) built.[9]
  • 1864
    • Rue de la République (Marseille) (fr) opens.[24]
    • Notre-Dame de la Garde rebuilt.[23]
  • 1865 – Société Marseillaise de Crédit (bank)[25] and Priory of St. Madeleine[citation needed] founded.
  • 1866 – Population: 300,131.[26]
  • 1868 – Le Petit Marseillais newspaper begins publication.[21]
  • 1869 – Palais Longchamp built.[23]
  • 1872 – Business school established.
  • 1876
    • Le Petit Provençal newspaper begins publication.[21]
    • Horse-drawn tram begins operating.
  • 1877 – Geography Society of Marseille established. [19] [2]
  • 1878 – Saint-Lazare Convent ( en ) consecrated.
  • 1881
    • Italian-French ethnic unrest. [3]
    • Population: 360,099. [14]
  • 1883 – Marseille coat of arms ( en ) design adopted.
  • 1884 – Marseille cholera epidemic ( fr ) .
  • 1885 – Soleil du Midi newspaper begins publication.[21]
  • 1891 – Marseille School of Engineering ( fr ) (school) founded.
  • 1892 – Funicular of the Our Lady of the Guard church begins operating.
  • 1893
    • Marseille Cathedral consecrated. [3]
    • Colonial Institute of Marseille founded.
  • 1894 – Monument to the Mobiles erected. ( fr ) [23]
  • 1897 – Excursionnistes Marseillais ( fr ) (hiking club) formed. [27]
  • 1899
    • Olympique de Marseille soccer team formed.
    • 2500th anniversary of founding of Marseille. [23]

20th century

1900s-1940s

  • 1901
    • “Dock strike.” [3]
    • Population: 491,161. [14]
  • 1902 – “Strike of sailors.” [3]
  • 1903
    • July: 1903 Tour de France cycling race passes through Marseille.
    • September: Bubonic plague outbreak. [3]
  • 1906 – Colonial Exhibition of Marseille (1906) ( fr ) held.
  • 1909
    • ” Tigeress escapes, terrorises the town.” [3]
    • Linnaean Society of Provence ( fr ) founded. [19]
  • 1911 – Population: 550,619.[28]
  • 1913 – Fountain installed in the Place Castellane.
  • 1916 – Cantini Museum founded. [17]
  • 1917 – Le Petit Nice ( en ) restaurant in business. [29]
  • 1919 – 13 November: Grand Théâtre burns down. ( en )
  • 1922
    • Marseille Provence Airport opens.
    • Colonial exhibition held.
  • 1923 – Monument to heroes and victims of the sea ( en ) erected. [9]
  • 1924 – Opera House built.
  • 1926 – Grobet-Labadié Museum opens.
  • 1927 – Monument to the dead of the Army of the East and distant lands ( fr ) erected. [9]
  • 1931 – Population: 800,881. [14]
  • 1933 – Film Studios Pagnol established. [30]
  • 1934 – October 9: King Alexander I of Yugoslavia and Louis Barthou murdered by Bulgarian terrorist Velicko Kerin . [31]
  • 1936 – Population: 914,232. [14]
  • 1937 – Stade Vélodrome opens.
  • 1938
    • September 21st: Marseille train robbery ( en ) .
    • October 28: Marseille fire (1938) ( fr ) .
  • 1939 – Baumettes Prison built.
  • 1940 – Bombing by German and Italian forces.
  • 1941 – Active Combat (French Resistance) . [32]
  • 1942 – November: German occupation begins.
  • 1943 – Old Port Area evacuated and demolished . [33]
  • 1944
    • Bombing by Allied forces .
    • August: Battle of Marseille ; German occupation ends.
    • The Marseillaise ( fr ) newspaper in publication.
    • Gaston Defferre becomes mayor .
  • 1946
    • Arrondissements of Marseille created.
    • Jean Cristofol becomes mayor.
  • Population: 636,264. [14]
  • 1947
    • November: Labor unrest. [34]
    • Michel Carlini becomes mayor.

1950s-1990s

  • 1952 – Radiant city housing complex built. [4]
  • 1953
    • Gaston Defferre becomes mayor again (remains in office until 1986).[4]
    • La Tourette housing complex built.
  • 1955 – Affaire du Combinatie (fr) vendetta killings of the criminal Marseille milieu (fr) occur.
  • 1958 – Marseille twinned with Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire; Antwerp, Belgium; Copenhagen, Denmark; Genoa, Italy; Haifa, Israel; and Hamburg, Germany.[35]
  • 1960s – La Castellane neighborhood built.
  • 1961 – Marseille twinned with Kobe, Japan.[35]
  • 1962
    • A50 autoroute opens.[36]
    • Or Thora Synagogue established.
    • Population: 778,071.[14]
  • 1965 – March: Marseille municipal election, 1965 (fr) held.
  • 1967 – Marseille Old Port Tunnel (fr) opens.[36]
  • 1968
    • A7 autoroute opens.[36]
    • Marseille twinned with Dakar, Senegal.[35]
    • Population: 889,029.[14]
  • 1970 – University of Provence established.[37]
  • 1972
    • A55 autoroute opens.[36]
    • National Ballet of Marseille founded.
    • Marseille twinned with Odessa , Ukraine. [35]
  • 1973 – December 14: Algerian consulate bombed. [38]
  • 1975
    • Er Rahmaniyyà group formed. [39] [40]
    • Population: 908,600. [14]
  • 1977
    • Marseille Metro Line 1 begins operating. [36]
    • CMA CGM shipping company established.
  • 1979 – Marseille-Cassis Classical International footrace begins.
  • 1981 – Rodeo (riot) .
  • 1982
    • PLM Law ( en ) effected.
    • Marseille becomes part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region .
  • 1983
    • SNCF TGV Sud-Est train begins operating. [36]
    • Marseille History Museum opens. [32]
  • 1984
    • Marseille Metro Line 2 ( en ) begins operating. [36]
    • Marseille twinned with Piraeus , Greece. [35]
  • 1986
    • March: Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur Regional Election, 1986 ( en ) held.
    • Robert Vigouroux becomes mayor .
  • 1987
    • Magalone Garden becomes property of the city.
    • Marseille twinned with Shanghai , China. [35]
  • 1989 – Marseilles Festival of Documentary Film begins.
  • 1991 – The Commandery opens.
  • 1993 – Tunnel Prado-Carénage ( fr ) opens. [36]
  • 1995
    • June: Marseille municipal election, 1995 ( en ) held.
    • Jean-Claude Gaudin becomes mayor. [41]
    • Center for Research and Documentation on Oceania founded.
    • Museum of Earthenware Marseille opens. [42]
  • 1997 – The Provence newspaper in publication.
  • 1999 – Population: 795,518. [14]

21st century

2000s

  • 2001
    • 26th Centennial Park inaugurated.
    • Municipal Archives of Marseille ( en ) moves to the Tobacco Factory of Marseille ( fr ) . [43]
  • 2004 – Marseille twinned with Marrakech , Morocco. [35]
  • 2006
    • Central School of Marseille created.
    • Marseille twinned with Glasgow , UK. [35]
  • 2007
    • Marseille tram begins operating.
    • Labor strike. [4]
    • Construction of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor begins in Cadarache , in vicinity of Marseille.
  • 2008 – Population: 851,420.
  • 2009 – Ibn Khaldoun College opens.

2010s

  • 2010
    • March: Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur Regional Election, 2010 ( en ) held.
    • Garbage strike occurs.
  • 2011
    • Cornerstone of Great Mosque of Marseille ( en ) ugly. [44] [45]
    • Population: 850,636. [46]
  • 2012 – Place des Capucines ( en ) pedestrianized.
  • 2013
    • Museum of European and Mediterranean Civilizations opens.
    • City designated a European Capital of Culture . [47]
  • 2014 – March: Marseille municipal election, 2014 ( en ) held.
  • 2015
    • 9 February: Shooting occurs in La Castellane .
    • September: Drug ring trial begins. [48]
    • December: Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur Regional Election, 2015 ( en ) held. [46]
    • Marseille tram line 3 ( fr ) begins operating.
    • Cantons 1 ( en ) , 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 ( fr ) created by 2014 France cantonal redistricting ( en ) .
  • 2016 – Metropolis of Aix-Marseille-Provence established.
  • 2017 – Stabbing occurs in Saint Charles train station.

See also

  • History of Marseille
  • Urban planning in Marseille ( en )
  • List of mayors of Marseille ( en )
  • List of mayors of Marseille Sectors ( en )
  • List of heritage sites in Marseille ( en )
  • History of Provence region
  • Timeline of Provence ( fr ) region

Other cities in Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur region:

  • Timeline of Aix-en-Provence
  • Timeline of Arles ( en )
  • Timeline of Avignon
  • Timeline of Nice
  • Timeline of Toulon

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:d Leon E. Seltzer, ed. (1952), Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer of the World , New York: Columbia University Press, p. 1157, OL  6112221M
  2. Jump up^ “Chronology of Catholic Dioceses: France” . Norway: Roman Catholic Diocese of Oslo . Retrieved 30 December 2015 .
  3. ^ Jump up to:m Haydn 1910 .
  4. ^ Jump up to:d Gino Raymond (2008). Historical Dictionary of France . Scarecrow Press . ISBN  978-0-8108-6256-2 .
  5. ^ Jump up to:d Britannica 1910 .
  6. Jump up^ United States Department of Commerce; Archibald J. Wolfe (1915). “List of Chambers” . Commercial Organizations in France . USA: Government Printing Office.
  7. Jump up^ Mirror 1882.
  8. Jump up^ Teissier 1878.
  9. ^ Jump up to:d “Architectural Heritage (Marseille)” . Merimee Base (in French). France: Minister of Culture (France) . Retrieved 30 December 2015 .
  10. ^ Jump up to:b Edinburgh Encyclopaedia in 1830 .
  11. Jump up^ Jim Parrott (ed.). “Chronology of Scholarly Societies” . Scholarly Societies Project . Canada: University of Waterloo . Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  12. Jump up^ AV Williams (1913). Development and Growth of City Directories . Cincinnati, USA.
  13. ^ Jump up to:c Saurel 1877 .
  14. ^ Jump up to:m “Notice communale: Marseille” . From the villages of Cassini to the communes of today (in French). France: School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences . Retrieved 30 December 2015 .
  15. Jump up^ Michael Kennedy (Autumn 1972). “Some Journals of the Jacobin Club of Marseille, 1790-1794”. French Historical Studies . 7 .
  16. Jump up^ Henry R. Tedder; EC Thomas (1882), “Libraries: France” , Encyclopædia Britannica , 14th (9th ed.), New York(list of cities)
  17. ^ Jump up to:b “Culture: Marseille Museums” . Marseille.fr . City of Marseille . Retrieved 30 December 2015 .
  18. Jump up^ “Garden Search: France” . London: Botanic Gardens Conservation International . Retrieved 30 December 2015 .
  19. ^ Jump up to:d “learned societies of France” (in French). Paris: Committee on Historical and Scientific Works . Retrieved 30 November 2015 .
  20. ^ Jump up to:c Martin 1867 .
  21. ^ Jump up to:e A. Chambure (1914). Through the press (in French). Paris: Fert, Albouy & Co.
  22. Jump up^ Masson 1906.
  23. ^ Jump up to:f Baedeker 1902 .
  24. Jump up^ Detaille 1998.
  25. Jump up^ “France” . International Banking Directory . New York: Bankers Publishing Company. 1922.
  26. Jump up^ “France” . Statesman’s Year-Book . London: Macmillan and Co. 1869.
  27. Jump up^ AJ Mackintosh (1907). “Mountaineering Clubs, 1857-1907” . Alpine Journal . UK (177).
  28. Jump up^ “France: Area and Population: Main Towns” . Statesman’s Year-Book . London: Macmillan and Co. 1921.
  29. Jump up^ “Marseille” . Michelin Restaurants (in French) . Retrieved 30 December2015 . Stars
  30. Jump up^ “History of cinema in Marseille” . Marseille.fr (in French). City of Marseille . Retrieved 30 December 2015 .
  31. Jump up^ “Marseille” . Larousse Encyclopedia (in French). Larousse editions . Retrieved 30 December 2015 .
  32. ^ Jump up to:b Diary Tour 2013 .
  33. Jump up^ Crane 2005.
  34. Jump up^ “November 10-23, 1947”. Chronology of International Events and Documents . London: Royal Institute of International Affairs . 3 . 1947.JSTOR  40545111 .
  35. ^ Jump up to:h “Twin Cities” (PDF) . Marseille.fr (in French). City of Marseille . Retrieved 30 December 2015 .
  36. ^ Jump up to:h The Marseille 2013 extension .
  37. Jump up^ Walter Rüegg , ed. (2011). “Universities founded in Europe between 1945 and 1995” . Universities Since 1945 . History of the University in Europe. 4. Cambridge University Press. ISBN  978-1-139-49425-0 .
  38. Jump up^ Mahfoud Bennoune (January 1975). “Maghribin Workers in France”. MERIP Reports . USA: Middle East Research and Information Project (34). JSTOR  3011470 .
  39. Jump up^ France , Muslims in the EU: Cities Report, USA: Open Society Institute , 2007(Marseille section)
  40. Jump up^ Jocelyne Cesari (1994). Being a Muslim in France: associations, activists and mosques . Karthala editions  ( fr ) . ISBN  978-2-86537-501-1 .
  41. Jump up^ “French mayors” . City Mayors.com . London: City Mayors Foundation . Retrieved 27 April 2013 .
  42. Jump up^ “(Marseille)” . Museofile  ( en ) : Directory of French Museums (in French). Minister of Culture and Communication  ( fr ) . Retrieved 30 December 2015 .
  43. Jump up^ “Information of the Municipal Archives of Marseilles” . International Council on Archives . Retrieved 30 May 2015 .
  44. Jump up^ “Marseille’s Muslims need their Grand Mosque – why is it still a car park?”, The Guardian , 3 March 2015
  45. Jump up^ “Marseille’s plans for a Grand Mosque stall” , Public Radio International , USA, 19 February 2015
  46. ^ Jump up to:b “World Data: Marseille” , The World (in French) , retrieved 30 December 2015
  47. Jump up^ “Marseille: European Capital of Culture 2013” . Time Out Paris . Retrieved 27 August 2017 .
  48. Jump up^ “Marseille in spotlight once again La Castellane Drug Trial Begins” , The Guardian , 16 September 2015

Comments

So empty here ... leave a comment!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Sidebar