Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Marseille


The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Marseille ( Latin : Archidioecesis Massiliensis ; French : Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Marseille ) is a Metropolitan Archdiocese of the Latin Riteof the Roman Catholic Church in France . [1] [2] The Archepiscopal see in the city of Marseille , and the diocese included the district of Marseille , a subdivision of the department of Bouches-du-Rhone in the Region of Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur .

According to local myth, the Church of Marseille was erected in the 1st century, by St. Lazarus, the young man mentioned in the Gospels who had been raised from the dead by Jesus Christ himself. His family migrated to Provence at some point after the Resurrection. [3]

The diocese of Marseille was abolished during the French Revolution , under the Civil Constitution of the Clergy(1790). Its territory was subsumed into the new diocese, called the ‘Bouches-du-Rhone’, which was part of the Metropolitanate called the ‘Metropolis of the Mediterranean Coast (which included ten new’ departments’). The electors of ‘Bouches-du-Rhone’ met at Aix beginning on 19 February 1791, and on 23 February elected Abbot Charles Benoît Roux, parish priest of Eyragues near Arles. He was consecrated in Paris by Constitutional Bishops Gobel, Miroudot and Gouttes. He joined the social life of Marseille, but after the execution of Louis XVI on January 21, 1793, Roux joined the counter-revolutionaries. When Marseille was occupied by troops of the Convention, he fled to Aix. He was arrested and imprisoned on September 20; he was taken to Marseilles, where he faced a court of the Revolution which condemned him to death.[4]

The diocese was raised to the level of an Archdiocese on 31 January 1948 by Pope Pius XII . The suffragans of the archdiocese are: the Archdiocese of Aix , the Diocese of Ajaccio , the Archdiocese of Avignon , the Diocese of Digne , the Diocese of Frejus-Toulon , the Diocese of Gap , and the Diocese of Nice . [5]

Bishops and Archbishops of Marseille

to 1000

  • Oresius (ca. 314) [6]
  • Proculus
  • Venerius (ca 431-451) [7]
  • Eustasius (attested in 463) [8]
  • Graecus
  • Honoratus (ca 496-500) [9]
  • Cannatus ( Canus Natus ) (second half of the fifth century) [10]
  • Theodorus (ca 580s) [11]
  • Serenus
  • Petrus
  • Maurontus (ca. 780) [12]
  • Yvo (attested on 12 March 781) [13]
  • Wadalus (813-818) [14]
  • Theobertus (ca 822-841) [15]
  • Alboin (attested 843/844) [16]
  • Litiduinus (attested in 878 and 879) [17]
  • Berengarius (attested in 884) [18]
  • [Gulfaric] (9th century) [19]
  • [Venator] (9th century) [20]
  • Drogon (attested in 923 and 924) [21]
  • Pons (977 – 1008) [22]

1000-1500

  • Pons (1008 – 1073) [23]
  • Raymond (1073 – 7 November 1122) [24]
  • Raymond of Soliers (1122 – 26 April 1151) [25]
  • Peter (1151 – 2 April 1170) [26]
  • Fulco de Thorame (1170 – 31 March 1188) [27]
  • Rainier (1188-1214) [28]
  • Peter of Montlaur (7 October 1217 – 29 August 1229) [29]
  • Benedict of Aligan, OSB (1229 – 1267) [30]
  • Raymond of Nimes (23 December 1267 – 15 July 1288) [31]
  • Durand of Trésémines (April 17, 1289 – August 3, 1312) [32]
  • Raymond Robaudi [33] (1 January 1313 – 12 September 1319) [34] (transferred to Archbishopric of Embrun)
  • Gasbert de la Val (18 September 1319 – 26 August 1323) [35] (transferred to Arles)
  • Aymar Amiel (26 August 1323 – 23 December 1333) [36]
  • Jean Artaudi (10 January 1334 – 1335, after July 7) [37]
  • Joannes Gasqui (13 October 1335 – 10 September 1344) [38]
  • Robert de Mandagot (13 September 1344 – 1358) [39]
  • Hugh of Arpajon (4 February 1359 – 31 May 1361) [40]
  • Pierre Fabri (1361, June – September?) [41]
  • Guillaume Sudre, OP (27 August 1361 – 1366) [42]
  • [Philippe de Cabassole] (1366-1368) Administrator [43]
  • William of the Vault (9 December 1368 – 1 July 1379) [44] (transferred to Valence-et-Die, by Clement VII )

1500 to 1700

  • Toussaint of Forbin-Janson (1668 – 1679)
  • Jean-Baptiste d’Estampes of Valençay (12 January 1680 – 6 January 1684) [45]
  • Charles Gaspard William of Ventimiglia of Luke (21 January 1692 – 14 May 1708) [46]

1700 to 1948

  • Bernard de Poudenx (14 May 1708 – 19 January 1709) [47]
  • Henri François Xavier of Belsunce de Castelmoron (19 February 1710 – 4 June 1755) [48]
  • John the Baptist of Belloy (August 4, 1755 – September 21, 1801) [49]
    • Charles Benoît Roux (Constitutional Bishop) (1791-1794)
[1801 – 1817] Diocese of Marseilles suppressed, by the Concordat of 1801 . [50]
  • Charles Fortunate of Mazenod [51] (1823-1837)
  • Charles Joseph Eugene de Mazenod [52] (1837 – 1861)
  • Patrice Cruice [53] (18 Jun 1861 – 1 Sep 1865)
  • Charles Philippe Place [54] (6 Jan 1866 – 13 Jun 1878)
  • Joseph Robert [55] (13 Jun 1878 – 19 Nov 1900)
  • Pierre Andrieu (5 Apr 1901 – 2 Jan 1909)
  • Joseph-Marie Fabre (29 Apr 1909 – 9 Jan 1923)
  • Daniel Champavier (19 Jan 1923 – 2 Feb 1928)
  • Maurice-Louis Dubourg (17 Dec 1928 – 9 Dec 1936)
  • Jean Delay (14 Aug 1937 – 5 Sep 1956) First Archbishop of Marseille (31 January 1948)

Archbishops of Marseille since 1948

  • Marc-Armand Lallier (Sep 28, 1956 – Aug 26, 1966)
  • Georges Jacquot (Nov 1, 1966 – Sep 25, 1970)
  • Roger Etchegaray (22 Dec 1970 – 13 Apr 1985)
  • Robert Coffy (13 Apr 1985 – 22 Apr 1995)
  • Bernard Panafieu (22 Apr 1995 – 12 May 2006)
  • Georges Pontier (12 May 2006 -)

See also

  • Catholic Church in France
  • List of Catholic dioceses in France

References

  1. Jump up^ “Archdiocese of Marseille” Catholic-Hierarchy.org . David M. Cheney. Retrieved January 4, 2017
  2. Jump up^ “Metropolitan Archdiocese of Marseille” GCatholic.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved February 29, 2016
  3. Jump up^ Gospel of John11-12. Albanès (1899), pp. 1-6. The church of Marseille also has relics of Mary Magdalen and Martha, Lazarus’ sisters. Lazarus’ own remains were in the Cathedral in 1122, along with relics of Saint Peter, his brother Saint Andrew, and Saint Stephen the Protomartyr: Albanians (1884), p. 42.
  4. Jump up^ Paul Pisani (1907). Biographical Directory of the Constitutional Episcopate (1791-1802). (in French). Paris: A. Picard and son. pp. 323-325.
  5. Jump up^ David M. Cheney,Catholic-Hierarchy: Archdiocese of Marseille .Retrieved: 2016-08-15.
  6. Jump up^ Oresius participated in the Council of Arles of 314: Duchesne, p. 274, no. 1. Albanès (1884), p. 5.
  7. Jump up^ Duchesne, p. 274, no. 3.
  8. Jump up^ Duchesne, p. 274, no. 4.
  9. Jump up^ A disciple of S. Hilarius, Honoratus was a correspondent of Pope Gelasius (492-496).
  10. Jump up^ Sound of the king and queen of Aix. His name ‘Canus Natus’ (‘born with white hair’) is nothing but a bad folk etymology. The only documentary evidence for Cannatus is from liturgical books, the earliest of which is from 1122. Duchesne, p. 275 no. 7. Canus Natus is omitted byGallia christiana(1716). Albanes,Gallia christiana novissima(1899) includes him (pp. 15-19), but with a question mark and the date 485. Belsunce (1747), I, pp. 201-206.
  11. Jump up^ Theodorus was present at the Council of Macon in 585. He was still alive in 591. Duchesne, p. 275.
  12. Jump up^ A report of theMissus dominicusVernarius to Charlemagne, praising Maurontus for his efforts on behalf of the abbey of S. Vincent. Albanès, pp. 33-34.
  13. Jump up^ Albanian, p. 36.
  14. Jump up^ Albanian, p. 37-38.
  15. Jump up^ Duchesne, p. 276, no. 14. Albanians, p. 38-41.
  16. Jump up^ Albanian (1884), p. 28. Albanès (1899), pp. 41-42.
  17. Jump up^ Duchesne, p. 277, no. 18.
  18. Jump up^ Duchesne, p. 277, no. 19.
  19. Jump up^ Albanian (1884), p. 29-30. Albanès (1899), p. 42. His name is known from a single document, which Albanians knew only from a printed text; The document is an index of other documents, with a very brief summary of the contents and date. A. assumes that the name is correctly copied and that the text is authentic. Gulfaric’s name does not appear in the originalGallia christiana(1716). Duchesne, pp. 276-277, no. 16.
  20. Jump up^ Venator’s name has the same history as Gulfaric (us). The text quoted by Albanès (1899), p. 42, give him an episcopacy of at least ten years.
  21. Jump up^ Albanian (1884), p. 35. Albanès (1899), p. 45-46.
  22. Jump up^ Pons was the son of William, Viscount of Marseilles, and nephew of Bishop Honoratus. Albanès, pp. 48-51.
  23. Jump up^ Albanès (1899), pp. 52-62. Albanès (1884), pp. 39-40
  24. Jump up^ Bishop Raymond attended the Council of Vienna on September 15, 1112. Albanès (1899), pp. 62-65.
  25. Jump up^ Albanès (1899), pp. 65-71.
  26. Jump up^ Albanès (1899), pp. 72-86.
  27. Jump up^ Fouque is mentioned in a charter of 10 September 1170 as Bishop-elect. Albanès (1899), pp. 86-93.
  28. Jump up^ Albanès (1899), pp. 93-99.
  29. Jump up^ Eubel, I, p. 329. Albanès (1899), pp. 100-117.
  30. Jump up^ Benedict had been Abbot of Grasse (Crassensis). He resigned the episcopacy in theOrder of Friars Minor. He died on July 11, 1268. Eubel, I, p. 329-330. Albanès (1899), pp. 117-172.
  31. Jump up^ Eubel, I, p. 330.
  32. Jump up^ Eubel, I, p. 330. Albanès (1899), pp. 194-227.
  33. Jump up^ Albanès (1884), pp. 63-64.
  34. Jump up^ Eubel, I, p. 330. Albanès (1899), pp. 227-238. Albanès (1884), pp. 63-64.
  35. Jump up^ In 1319 Gasbert, who had been serving as Treasurer General of the Holy Roman Church, became Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church. C. SamaranandG. Mollat,Pontifical taxation in France in the fourteenth century(Paris 1905), p. 167-168. Albanès (1884), pp. 65-66.
  36. Jump up^ Eubel, I, p. 330. Albanès (1899), pp. 245-260. Albanès (1884), pp. 67-69.
  37. Jump up^ Eubel, I, p. 330. Albanès (1899), pp. 260-295. Albanès (1884), pp. 70-72.
  38. Jump up^ Eubel, I, p. 330. Albanès (1899), pp. 296-313. Albanès (1884), pp. 73-75.
  39. Jump up^ Eubel, I, p. 330. Albanès (1899), pp. 314-331.
  40. Jump up^ Eubel, I, p. 330.
  41. Jump up^ Eubel, I, p. 330.
  42. Jump up^ William Sudre was promoted to the Cardinalate byPope Urban Von 18 September 1366, and promoted to the See of Ostia on 17 September 1367. Eubel, I, p. 20. Albanians, pp. 332-342.
  43. Jump up^ The texts gathered by Albanès, pp. 342-346, clearly indicate that Philippe de Cabassole was not the Bishop of Marseilles, only the Administrator. Philip was created Cardinal Priest byPope Urban Von 22 September 1368.
  44. Jump up^ Albanès, pp. 347-364.
  45. Jump up^ He was the great nephew of Cardinal Achilles of Prints. Ritzler, V, p. 260, with n. 3. Albanès, pp. 640-643.
  46. Jump up^ Ventimiglia Was Nominated by Louis XIV to Marseille in 1684, aim due to the bad relationship entre le King andPope Innocent XI, the bulls of appointment (recommendation) and consecration never Were Issued During That pontificate. Albanès, p. 645. It was not until 1692 thatPope Innocent XIIsigned the bulls. Ventimiglia was nominated by Louis XIV on February 10, 1708 to the diocese of Aix. He was promoted to the diocese of Paris on 17 August 1729 by Louis XV. Ritzler, V, p. 93; p. 260 and n. 4.
  47. Jump up^ Poudenx was nominated by Louis XIV on 10 February 1708. Ritzler, V, p. 260 and n. 5.
  48. Jump up^ Belsunce Was Granted the pallium as a special favor is 6 August 1731. Ritzler, V, p. 260, with n. 6.
  49. Jump up^ Belloy had been Bishop of Ganderes from 1751-1755. He was nominated by Louis XV on June 22, 1755. He was named Archbishop of Paris on April 10, 1802, and died in Paris on June 10, 1808. Ritzler, VI, pp . 226, 280-281.
  50. Jump up^ Émile Sévestre (1905). The history, the text and the destiny of the Concordat of 1801 . Paris: Lethielleux. p. 496.
  51. Jump up^ Bibliographical Society (France) (1907). The French episcopate … pp. 334-335. </
  52. Jump up^ Jean Leflon (1961). Eugene de Mazenod, Bishop of Marseilles: The Steps of a vocation, 1782-1814 (in French). I, II, III, IV. New York: Fordham University Press. Bibliographic Society (France) (1907). The French episcopate … pp. 335-337.
  53. Jump up^ Albanès (1884), pp. 185-187. Bibliographic Society (France) (1907). The French episcopate … pp. 337-338.
  54. Jump up^ Albanès (1884), pp. 188-189. Bibliographic Society (France) (1907). The French episcopate … p. 338.
  55. Jump up^ Bibliographical Society (France) (1907). The French episcopate … pp. 338-339.

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